SEMBINAATTU MARAVAR

SEMBINAATTU MARAVAR
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tSembinaadu is a place in Ramanadhapuram which was part of Cholzha Naadu during the Raja Raja Cholzhan period. The place got it’s name through some Pandyan maravar’s who helped the king Cholzha to protect thanjore from the invasion of Pandyans from madurai, while the king was plotting an attack on Srilanka. Since a large group of pandyan maravars helped the king to protect Thanjoore while his away on a war in Srilanka. To honour their gratitude and valour , the king conferred the prestigious Cholzha kingdom pattam which is “Sembiyan” to the these maravar groups first Leader the Sethupathy and their place in Ramanathapuram was called Sembinaadu .

This Sembiyan pattam was only used by the Cholzha kings initially.That day onwards, the maravars who hail from sembinaadu were known as Sembinaattu Maravars or profoundly known as Cholzha maravars. This way new subcaste was born in the Maravar Clan.Today among the maravar it’s known as the highest form of subcaste due to it’s rich history , valour and total strength (population).In ancient days , most of these maravars were part of the pandyan , cholzha and Chera Army. This group of Maravars found predominantly in Ramanathapuram and in the Southern districts of Tamil Nadu, such as Madurai, Theni, Sivagangai, Ramanathapuram, Dindigul, Virudhunagar, Thirunelveli, Thoothukudi and districts of Tamil Nadu. They are also found in central districts of Tamil Nadu like Pudukottai, Thanjavur, Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam and Tiruchy.

They belong to the Surya Kulam like Esan Naattu Kallars. Unlike Kandayan Kottai Maravar’s Who belongs to the Chandra Kulam as they are known as Pandya Maravars. During the Pandyan Kula Vamsam, the properties were divided among the Sembinaatu Maravars and Kandayan Kottai Maravar’s, where most of the profitable properties went to the hands of KandayanKottai Maravars and due to this Many Pandyan Maravars became the Rich Landlords whereas Cholzha Maravars joined the Military of Cholzha , Chera and Pandyan. Many during the 18th and 19th centuries, most of the Sembinaattu Maravars were assimilated into the Tamil Padam Nair subcaste of the Nair community. The Maravar regiment of the Travancore army was known as “Maravar Padai”, which supplemented Nair Pattalam, the larger indigenous military unit. Tamil Padam Nair is recognized as a part of the Malayala Kshatriya social grouping.

Addition to this, it was standard rule those days, where no intercaste marriage was not allowed between Sembinaattu Maravars and Esan Naattu Kallars. Since it was considered as incest but today it is not practiced widely anymore. Another highlight of this subcaste is that, the udan Kattai eruthal(meaning entering into pyre along with the dead husband) is practiced widely in this community( this practice was temporarily abolished during the period of Maaravarman Sundarapaandiyan in 12th century). After the demise of Maravarman Sundarapandiyan the practice resumed back. During the british invasion, this practice was abolished completely in 1829.
Another Interesting Information about Sembinaattu Maravars are, Most of the Sethubathy’s Of Ramnad belong to the this subcaste of maravar. Even today since Sembinaattu Maravar’s Kilai are maternal, it is said that when the sethupathi’s dies without a legitimate son, the the throne goes to his sister’s son (same kilai as him). The most preffered Kilai for Throne is the Thanichha Kilai (one of the Kilai practiced in the Sembinaatu Maravar Clan.

For most of them the Pattam is “Thevar” but some uses other pattams like Nattar, Rayar,Pandiyar,Sembiyan and Thennavan.

The Kilai System practiced in this Subcaste :-
Kilai system ((branches)

*The Killai is inherited from mother. So a boy or girl will not marry in their same Killai. It is assumed that they are brother & sister.

Such a practice is no longer prevailing amongst other maravars.
a) Seetha Ramar Maravar Kilai
b) Nalu Kottai Maravar kilai
c) Katra Maravar kilai
d) Marikka maravar kilai
e) Picha Maravar kilai
f) Thondaiman Maravar kilai
g) Thanicha Maravar kilai
h) Karuputhra Maravar kilai
i) Karana Maravar
j) Nalukottai Maravar (most of the sethubathy’s belongs to this kilai)

Notable People From This Subcaste

1) Pasumpon Muthu Ramalinga Thevar
2) Sethupathy’s of Ramnad
3) Poolith Thevar
4) Actor Muthuraman
5) V.T Sambanthan (Tun Thirunyanasambanthan Thevar s/o Veerasamy Thevar 5th president of MIC in Malaysia.
6) Mr.Sharmalan Thevar (Founder of Malaysian Mukkulathor in Facebook)
7) Actor Karthick Muthuraman
8) Actor Gowtham Muthuraman
9) Maraavarman Sundara Paandiyan

Reference :-
Thevar Samugha Varalaru (1976) by Muthu thevar.

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About SHIVA9019

I M A SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR

Posted on June 16, 2013, in SEMBINAATTU MARAVAR and tagged . Bookmark the permalink. 7 Comments.

  1. I do not manipulate history to my wish..Both Pasumbon Aiya and Poolith thevar are from Sembinaattu Maravar indeed..I have referred to Thevar Samugha Varalaru (1976) by Muthu thevar..All these years , very few from our community have written about Mukkulathhtor History with proper analysis like Muthu thevar. Further more today, many claim they are from Mukkulaththor but how many of them have the guts to write about our people..I would say “NONE”..Both the above leaders are from the Palzhaiya Pandiya Marabinar…There are not many kings in KK due to their lifestyle since they follow the Vellalarisation as many are welknown Landlords due to the Pandya Kula Vamsam…In the 17th Century , When the Defacto Leader of Maravar Community “The Great Kilavan Sethubathy ” called upon Maravars to join the army of Sivaganggai Seemai…None of the KK joined..but Millions of Sembiyans joined him in the name of honour and valour..My point here is , KK’s were never interested in War as they were more refined and interested in preserving their assets as a Landlord of the Southern District..So stop Overreacting Get ur Facts and figures correct before pointing me wrong…If u still think iam wrong …Prove it?????…

    This is my responce to Maravan….

    Thanks…

  2. I can’t find it bro…Iam still going to stick with my answer that both are Sembiyans indeed..:)…

  3. pasumpon devar, pulidevar and all pandian kings belong only to kondan kottai maravar.. sethupathy belong to semba nattu maravar…
    As a semba natta maravar i know it

  4. you write this things in Wikipedia more useful to us

  5. Pasupathy thevar

    Mr pandian iam one of the nearest family blood relation to king puli thevar like ( pangaali kootam) my ancestors were the blood brothers and pangaali to king puli thevars family and iam belong to semaiya naatu maravar clan so don’t tell such rude fake answers that king puli belongs to kondayin kottai clan of maravar and Ayya muthuramalingam stayed in our house and my great grand father was a very good friend of him and Ayya muthuramalingam belongs to the guardian family of kamuthikottai a strong hold of sembiyanattu maravar clan in ramanathapuram and his great grand father sirai meeta thevar and his father vananga mudi thevar were the foremost guardians of kamuthikottai without influence even king sethupathy can’t enter into kamuthikottai and their village story alice songs (Gramiya padal) in tamil denotes Ayya muthuramalingam belongs to sembiya maravar clan again iam asking don’t give any fake answers

  6. Pasupathy thevar

    And dont suppress yourself my dear clan brothers by dominating other than you because our ancestors written the great history of King raja raja chozha entire war field act and his whole war against his enemies and his victories were given to him by our valoured ancestors blood and swords and all the glory chozha kingdom in the nearest countries like malaysia and cambios burma thailand and other major war were led by our sembiyanattu maravar troop and the major army general of King raja raja named Abramayan alies Karunkan thevar belongs to sembiya nattu maravar clan and i got all informations by excavating to cambodia and thailand recently and our ancestors camping family and their generations in cambodia still assumed our title or surnames thevar or maran and katan thevan (காட்டுத் தேவன் ) as their names and proudly saying that they are from the heredity of our sembiyanattu maravar or thevars ancestors and they are very eager to say that they are tamil valoured breeds and they still practicing our ancestors fighting style or war style called (அகப்போர்) in tamil in cambodia it is so called as Bogador means சிங்க அடி in tamil once our chozha kingdom thevar *(warrior soldier) killed a lion bare handed without using any weapon by that style of fighting only with three hits just only three. Hits he pushed the lion to dead then that art of our combat were named as Bogador and being practiced since today’s in combat but we forget our art of combat

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