Who is J Jayalalithaa?

Who is J Jayalalithaa?
Woman, actress, Brahmin, Kannadiga. Conventional wisdom would suggest that profile is all wrong in the hard playfield of Tamil Nadu politics and in a Dravidian party. But then J Jayalalithaa’s life and career are the stuff fables are made of. Or movie scripts.
1The fame and celebrity she earned as a successful actress would pale in comparison with what she would get in her later years. Not 65 yet, Jayalalithaa is a political giant not only in Tamil Nadu, where she is now serving her third stint as Chief Minister. Brand Jayalalithaa is an undeniable presence at the national level; for over a decade she has been courted by national parties and this time it is the BJP wooing her assiduously in the run-up to the 2014 general elections, while regional parties from other states gather around her in alignment on issues that where they are increasingly crossing swords with the Centre.
jjTo her many supporters she is Amma (mother) or Puratchi Thalaivi (Revolutionary Leader). To MGR, her political mentor, she was Ammu; she acknowledges him as one of the most important influences in her life. The other being her mother, Sandhya, an actress who fell on hard times and had to send her 15-year-old daughter to a film studio rather than college.

Jayalalithaa was born on February 24, 1948, in Mysore. She began schooling at the Bishop Cotton Girls High School in Bangalore and later attended the Presentation Convent at Church Park, Chennai, when her mother began a career as a Tamil film actress. The family moved to Chennai after Jayalalithaa’s father died when she was just two and the family fell into poverty. Worse days were to come when Jayalalithaa’s older brother Jayakumar died.

Jayalalithaa was a good scholar and is said to have wanted to become a lawyer and be rich. Mother Celine, the principal at her school is the third person Jayalalithaa has said played a big role in shaping her.

Jayalalithaa wouldn’t be a lawyer, but she would be rich – a successful film career lay ahead. Chinnada Gombe, her first film (in Kannada) was a major hit. She also acted in an English film titled Epistle that was released in 1961. The film was produced by Shankar Giri, son of former President of India Dr VV Giri. It was a James Bond-style film, Gonndachari 116, which catapulted her to fame. Her first Telugu film was Manushulu Mamathalu while her Tamil debut was with the film Vennira Aadai. She was revolutionary in an industry where heroines had hitherto been sari-clad and demure. Jayalalithaa is said to have been the first to wear skirts on screen.

She also acted in a few Bollywood films, the most remembered among them “Izzat” where she was the heroine of Dharmendra, who would later also join politics as a BJP MP.

In life and on celluloid she would really be Tamil Superstar MG Ramachandran’s heroine; they acted in 28 films together, including Kavalkaran, Adimai Pen, Engal Thangam, Kudiyiruntha Koil, Ragasiya Police 115 and Nam Naadu. Some of her popular movies are Vennira Aadai, Aayirathil Oruvan, Kavalkaran, Pudhiya Boomi, Iru Deivangal, Nadhiyai Thedi Vandha Kadal.

Jayalalithaa’s last film was Nadhiyai Thedi Vandha Kadal in 1980. In her tempestuous relationship with MGR, there were many crests and troughs. They fell out and then, in the early 1980s came together as the most important phase of Jayalalitha’s life began. In 1982, at the age of 34, she joined the AIADMK. There was no struggle or grind – she went straight to the top echelons of the party, became the propaganda secretary much to chagrin of many seasoned partymen and was soon nominated to the Rajya Sabha.

She learnt her politics from a man known to have been one of Tamil Nadu’s shrewdest politicos. But she rebelled too, obviously very much her own woman. Jayalalithaa is single, she never married.

MGR died in 1987, in harness as Chief Minister. The next year the AIADMK split with one faction supporting MGR’s widow Janaki and the other supporting Jayalalithaa, who laid claim to MGR’s political legacy. She remained a Rajya Sabha MP till she was elected to the Tamil Nadu Assembly in 1989 and became Leader of Opposition. Around the same time, she charged a DMK leader, Durai Murugan, with assault. She said he had tried to pull her sari when she obstructed then Chief Minister M Karunanidhi while he was presenting the 1990 state budget.

In 1991, Jayalalithaa became Chief Minister for the first time, heading a coalition government that included the Congress.

She lost the 1996 Tamil Nadu elections and the DMK government that succeeded her filed cases of corruption against her that she is still battling in court. In 1997, when the DMK government confiscated all her jewelry during investigation into cases relating to owning disproportionate assets, Jayalalithaa swore that she would not wear jewelry again.

For 14 years a woman known to have fondly owned a gold waist belt studded with diamonds, more than 10,000 saris and 750 pairs of shoes, among many other things, wore not a piece of jewelry. She only did last year after her massive electoral comeback. Then too because, she said, party workers asked her to, some even threatening to kill themselves if she didn’t acquiesce.

The Tamil Nadu CM is proficient in many languages – she speaks English, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Hindi fluently. MGR is said to have sent her to the Rajya Sabha as she spoke English so well. An accomplished dancer, Jayalalithaa trained in classical dance forms like Bharatnatyam, Mohini Attam, Kathak and Manipuri and performed all over India. She also started learning Carnatic music at the age of 4 and sang several songs in her own films.

In 1972, she was honoured by the Tamil Nadu government with the award Kalaimamani. These awards are given by the Tamil Nadu Iyal Isai Nataka Manram (literature, music and theatre) for excellence in the field of art and literature.

Jayalalithaa is a voracious reader and reads practically everything. Her favourite authors are Charles Dickens, Jane Austen and, among others, Oscar Wilde, Bernard Shaw, Sidney Sheldon, Danielle Steel, Pearl S Buck and James Hadley Chase.

Even as an actress, she would always carry books with her to the studio, and would sit quietly by herself in a corner and read between shots. She has a large private library with a huge collection of books.

Story First Published: NDTV May 16, 2012 20:27 IST

Life History of Mother Teresa

Life History of Mother Teresa

Mother TeresaMother Teresa was born on August 27,1910 in Skopje,Macedonia. Mother Teresa’s original name was Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. The youngest of the children born to Nikola and Drane Bojaxhiu. Her father was a successful merchant and she was youngest of the three siblings. She received her First Communion at the age of five and a half and was confirmed in November 1916. From the day of her First Holy Communion, a love for souls was within her. Her father’s sudden death when Gonxha was about eight years old left in the family in financial straits. Drane raised her children firmly and lovingly, greatly influencing her daughter’s character and vocation. Gonxha’s religious formation was further assisted by the vibrant Jesuit parish of the Sacred Heart in which she was much involved. At
the age of 12, she decided that she wanted to be a missionary and spread the love of Christ. At the age of 18 she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India. There she received the name Sister Mary Teresa after St. Thérèse of Lisieux.

After a few months of training at the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Dublin Mother Teresa came to India on 6 January 1929. On May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948,
Mother Teresa taught geography and catechism at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta. On 24 May 1937, Sister Teresa made her Final Profession of Vows, becoming, as she said, the “spouse of Jesus” for “all
eternity.” From that time on she was called Mother Teresa. She continued teaching at St. Mary’s and in 1944 became the school’s principal. A person of profound prayer and deep love for her religious
sisters and her students, Mother Teresa’s twenty years in Loreto were filled with profound happiness. Noted for her charity, unselfishness and courage, her capacity for hard work and a natural talent for
organization, she lived out her consecration to Jesus, in the midst of her companions, with fidelity and joy.

Mother Teresa’s words are

Mother Teresa”By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. As to my calling, I belong to the world. As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus. “Small of stature, rocklike in faith, Mother Teresa of Calcutta was entrusted with the mission of proclaiming God’s thirsting love for humanity, especially for the poorest of the poor. “God still loves the world and He sends you and me to be His love and His compassion to the poor.” She was a soul filled with the light of Christ, on fire with love for Him and burning with one desire: “to quench His thirst for love and
for souls.”

On 10 September 1946 during the train ride from Calcutta to Darjeeling for her annual retreat, Mother Teresa received her “inspiration,” her “call within a call.” On that day, in a way she would never explain, Jesus’ thirst for love and for souls took hold of her heart and the desire to satiate His thirst became the driving force of her life. Over the course of the next weeks and months, by means of interior locutions and visions, Jesus revealed to her the desire of His heart for “victims of love” who would “radiate His love on souls.” “Come be My light,” He begged her. “I cannot go alone.” He revealed His pain at the neglect of the poor, His sorrow at their ignorance of Him and His longing for their love. He asked Mother Teresa to establish a religious community, Missionaries of Charity, dedicated to the service of the poorest of the poor. However, the prevailing poverty in Calcutta had a deep impact on Mother Teresa’s mind and in 1948, she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta . On August 17, 1948, she dressed for the first time in a white, blue-bordered sari and passed through the gates of her beloved Loreto convent to enter the world of the poor.

After a short course with the Medical Mission Sisters in Patna, she returned to Calcutta and found temporary lodging with the Little Sisters of the Poor. She started an open-air school for homeless
children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and she received financial support from church organizations and the municipal authorities. On 21 December she went for the first time to the slums.
On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Vatican to start her own order. Vatican originally labeled the order as the Diocesan Congregation of the Calcutta Diocese, and it later came to known as the “Missionaries of Charity”. The primary task of the Missionaries of Charity was to take care of those persons who nobody was prepared to look after.

Mother TeresaShe visited families, washed the sores of some children, cared for an old man lying sick on the road and nursed a woman dying of hunger and TB. She started each day in communion with Jesus in the Eucharist and then went out, rosary in her hand, to find and serve Him in “the unwanted, the unloved, the uncared for.” After some months, she was joined, one by one, by her former students. By the early 1960s, Mother Teresa began to send her Sisters to other parts of India. The Decree of Praise granted to the Congregation by Pope Paul VI in February 1965 encouraged her to open a house in Venezuela. It was soon followed by foundations in Rome and Tanzania and, eventually, on every continent. Starting in 1980 and continuing through the 1990s, Mother Teresa opened houses in almost all of the communist countries, including the former Soviet Union, Albania and Cuba.

The physical and spiritual needs of the poor, Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity Brothers in 1963, in 1976 the contemplative branch of the Sisters, in 1979 the Contemplative
Brothers, and in 1984 the Missionaries of Charity Fathers. She formed the Co-Workers of Mother Teresa and the Sick and Suffering Co-Workers, people of many faiths and nationalities with whom she shared her spirit of prayer, simplicity, sacrifice and her apostolate of humble works of love. This spirit later inspired the Lay Missionaries of Charity. In answer to the requests of many priests, in 1981 Mother Teresa also began the Corpus Christi Movement for Priests as a “little way of holiness” for those who desire to share in her charism and spirit.
She has received a number of awards and distinctions Numerous awards, beginning with the Indian Padmashri Award in 1962 and notably the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979, honoured her work, while an increasingly interested media began to follow her activities. She received both prizes and attention “for the glory of God and in the name of the poor.” These include the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971), Nehru Prize for Promotion of International Peace & Understanding (1972), Balzan Prize (1978), Nobel Peace Prize (1979) and Bharat Ratna (1980).

The whole of Mother Teresa’s life and labour bore witness to the joy of loving, the greatness and dignity of every human person, the value of little things done faithfully and with love, and the surpassing worth of friendship with God. On March 13, 1997, Mother Teresa stepped down from the head of Missionaries of Charity. On 5 September Mother Teresa’s earthly life came to an end. She died on September 5, 1997, just 9 days after her 87th birthday. She was given the honour of a
state funeral by the Government of India and her body was buried in the Mother House of the Missionaries of Charity. Her tomb quickly became a place of pilgrimage and prayer for people of all faiths, rich and poor alike. Mother Teresa left a testament of unshakable faith, invincible hope and extraordinary charity. Her response to Jesus’ plea, “Come be My light,” made her a Missionary of Charity, a “mother to the poor,” a symbol of compassion to the world, and a living witness to the thirsting love of God. Following Mother Teresa’s death, the Holy See began the process of beatification, the second step towards possible canonization, or sainthood.

Less than two years after her death, in view of Mother Teresa’s widespread reputation of holiness and the favours being reported, Pope John Paul II permitted the opening of her Cause of Canonization. On 20 December 2002 he approved the decrees of her heroic virtues and miracles.

The Hair Story

The Hair Story

The hair shaft is made of a hard protein called keratin and is made in three layers. This protein is actually dead, so the hair that you see is not a living structure. The inner layer is the medulla. The second layer is the cortex and the outer layer is the cuticle. The cortex makes up the majority of the hair shaft. The cuticle is a tightly formed structure made of shingle-like overlapping scales. It is both the cortex and the medulla that holds the hair’s pigment, giving it its color.

Trissur long hair girls photo set

Hair is more than just a head wrap. It performs a host of biological functions, apart from being a cover up for most parts of the body.
1.     Hair protects your head.

2.     It keeps you warm in winter and cool in summer.

3.     It protects against sunburn.

4.     Eyelashes and nasal hair prevent dust and foreign particles from entering your eyes and nose.

5.     Hair has nerve endings which give you that ‘feel good’ factor after a head massage.

Calicut long hair girls photo set (5)

HAPPY VELA TINE’S DAY

I don’t give you flowers to tell you you’re special

I don’t give you chatocoles for your sweetness

I don’t give you teddy bears for your cares

Just look at my eyes and you’ll know . how much I love you

I love you not because you are beautiful

I love you not because you are rich

 

I love you not because you have the characteristics that I am
looking for

I love you, simply because you are what you are.

Happy Valentine’s Day!

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A lovely day is made up of 24 hours.

A lovely week is made up of 7 lovely days.

A lovely year is made up of 52 lovely weeks

But my life became
lovely just .because I love you

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Without Love – days are

 

“SadDay, MoanDday, TearsDay,

WasteDay, ThirstDay,

FrightDay, ShatterDay

So be in Love everyday…

Wish u a Happy Valentine’s Day!

Healthy Eating Habits and Ayurveda Diet

Healthy Eating Habits and Ayurveda Diet
Ayurveda is an ancient form of medication which has its roots in India and is trusted and used by people all over the world in current times also. The way Ayurveda works is, in spite of subduing the immediate cause causing a health problem it focuses on thorough well being of an individual using natural herbs, exercises and mediation and yogic procedures. Ayurvedic healing is based on the balancing of three important components which out body is formed of i.e. Vatta, Pitta and Kapha. Since dietary practices affect to a great deal the energies of the body, Ayurveda has its recommendations for proper food habits for a healthy and energetic life.
Classification of Food Types
Dietary practices and taking a well maintained diet is very important to the human body as it contain the nourishment or the nutrients that are helpful in carrying out the important metabolic and digestive functions of the body. Ayurveda classifies various foods in three different categories, which are mentioned as below:
1. Spiritual quality of food (Saatvic)
Eating Saatvic food enriches out knowledge and spiritually elevates us
2. Active quality of food (Rajasic)
Practice to eat these kinds of food provokes a man to lead a materialistic form of life and being selfish and hedonistic
3. Material quality of food (Tamasic)
This kind of food is believed to be cause the most negative impact on a persons life, and shows him the way to develop devilish qualities
Ayurveda suggest having Saatvic form of foods which are good for your well being and prosperity. This kind of food brings in a balance between the three elements (doshas) in your life and you will be disease free and successful
What Kind of Food to Have?
Ayurveda believes that the diet should be different for every individual, because no two individuals are same. There are several parameters that need to be taken into account to decide upon the ideal diet for an individual like his tastes, efficiency and his/ her digestive system and metabolism functions etc. Nonetheless, there are a few common factors that we can always look upon while deciding out food habits
1. Nutritional value of food items and benefits / problems of having them incorporate in your diet.
2. Health quantity of food to intake.
3. Combination of food and their impact as per Ayurveda.
4. Effect of having a particular food item in a particular season or time of the day.
5. Try to be as much natural and fresh as possible, avoid artificial colors and preservatives in your food.
Following Good Food Habits
In addition to the quality and type of food that you are taking, it is also important to incorporate some of the good dietary habits which will help you to remain fit and fine for a long duration of time. Consider these:
1. Consumption of plenty of fluids is very necessary.
2. Skipping meals is an unhealthy habit.
3. Having water while you are having food should be avoided.
4. Over eating or under eating and untimely eating, all are harmful.

Basic elements of Ayurvedic Medicine

Basic elements of Ayurvedic Medicine
Ayurvedic medicine with its roots in India, originated during the Vedic period. As a medicinal theory that complements the concept of allopathic medicine; Ayurvedic medicine is geared to the principle of five elements. According to its basic premise not only the universe but the human body which is a part of the universe is constituted by five essential elements of earth, air, water, fire and ether.
The medicinal theory of Ayurveda, which has human body in its prime focus, enshrines the composing units of human body in the following manner. According to it human body is constituted by
• rasa dhatu or plasma
• rakta dhatu or blood
• mamal dhatu or flesh
• medha dhatu or fat
• majja dhatu or marrow and
• sukra dhatu which include semen and female reproductive organs.
Similar to the Elizabethan concept of ‘humors’ as necessary tools of balance in the human body, Ayurvedic medicine dwells on the proper balance of wind, bile and phlegm. According to the century’s ancient Oriental medical practice, imbalance in the mentioned elements of wind, bile and phlegm; gave rise to defects or ‘dosas’ in human body and that a healthy metabolic system rests on a rightful balance of these elements which existed in equal measures in the human body.
In keeping with the concept that there are twenty essential qualities or ‘guna’ typical of each and every substance of the universe, Ayurvedic medicine upholds the application of the remedial measures when any of the fundamental qualities are disturbed on account of the imbalance in the ‘vatas’ of wind or air; bile or pitta and ‘khapa’ or phlegm. Its therapeutic regimen rests on the devices of exercise, meditation and massage. It dwells on the belief that by way of the mentioned regimens of exercise, meditation and massage imbalance in the physiological system can be rectified. Besides that, a healthy system striking the right balance between its composing humors; thrives on healthy digestion and required excretion of toxic elements.
Ever since the later Vedic age; the medicinal system of Ayurveda was classified into eight separate disciplines. Involving different regimens of treatments seeking to cater to different organic system of human physiology, there are areas catering to internal medication, pediatric, psychiatry, surgery, toxicology, child bearing capacities, revitalization of the immunity, and that serving to rectify the disorders in eye, ear, nose and throat.
As a medicinal concept holistic in purpose; it not only upholds the maintenance of proper balance; but also emphasizes a moderate expression of instinctive urges and desire with sleep, food consumption, sexual and other activities being carried out in proportional measures. ‘Charaka Samhita’ throws significant light on the diagnostic procedures of Ayurvedic medicine. The tenfold method of disease diagnoses involves the examination of patient’s build up or constitution with accurate measurement of his height, weight and structure, assessing the nature and essence of his abnormality; recognition of factors which may lead to stability. It also involves an assessment of his diet peculiarities and necessary correction to be made therein. The vital factors of his age, stamina, digestive and psychiatric capabilities are also kept in mind while deducing the cause, origin and the nature of disease.
Similar to the allopathic mode of treatment, another of the fundamental tenets of Ayurvedic medicine involves the study and analysis of symptoms and pathogenic development of a disease. The therapeutic measure also bears in mind the factors of effects and side effects; whether it has been able to get rid of the original factor and the symptomatic factors exhibited by the disease it seeks to rectify.
The medicines used as part of Ayurvedic therapy are made of herbs and various aspects of the natural flora. For the remedial procedure of certain diseases animal and alcoholic elements are also made use of. Extracts of plants and animals are used in forms of tar, oil and paste meant for topical application. Emphasizing basically on external application and massage, there are those meant for oral consumption as well.
Modern time has witnessed a steady revival in the popularity of Ayurvedic medicine as holistic and alternative mode of treatment.

Things to Keep in Mind While Selecting Kids Toys

Things to Keep in Mind While Selecting Kids Toys

Kids are called little explorers. They are curious about all that they see and hear. They tend to touch, bite and smell what all reach their hands. It is by feeling them with senses they understand things and learn skills. Toys help the purpose of developing all such skills and shaping them more intelligent and smarter. But buying toys for your kids is not an easy task as a typical toy shop may make you overwhelmed with the variety toys marketed today.

There are toys meant for each age group and each character group. Toddler’s toys are different from that of a school going kid. Same way, a baby girl may not be given a baby boy’s toys. Many people consider toys as tools of just diverting the attention of kids and making them engaged. But, in fact, toys help developing the interests of kids and thus forming their career and life in future.

Try to buy “open-ended” toys for toddlers. Open ended toys are nothing but the tools that can be used in variety of ways. Toddlers do not use anything for its designated purpose. They tear things apart, open parts, buildup things and pull out and put back things. Toddlers love to assemble and disassemble toys. Keeping this characteristic of toddlers in mind, parents have to buy specially designed toys. Wooden or plastic building blocks, miniature shapes of animals and human, interlocking blocks etc., are great toddler toys. Certain toys can be used for multiple age groups. Such toys will reduce the amount spent on toys.

Try to buy toys that help problem solving and skill learning for your kids. There are toys that help developing the logical thinking in children and grow their thinking capacities. A toy should not be a tool that simply wastes time and energy of kids. Before buying a toy, think a while on the positive possibilities and benefits of the tool on your kids. It is through the toys toddlers learn the basic motor skills and coordination techniques.

Eye-hand coordination is learned in the childhood through such tools and games. Parents should seek for toys that help developing the intelligence and imagination of children. The imagination help growing creativity of kids, which in future shapes their brain into well functioning.

There are toys that resemble real stuff and tools of daily usage. Mobile phone toys, TV remote shaped toys etc., are examples of them. Playing with such real stuff toys will make kids familiar with such tools and in future they will learn to use the original stuff easily. This will also help kids to feel concerned. They watch parents or elders using such objects.

The real stuff toys help kids to feel capable of using things same as elders. Board games and electronic games are meant for kids above three or five years. Do not introduce electronic games to toddlers. They may adversely affect the mental growth of kids.

It is important to be aware of the quality of materials the toys are made of. Most of the toddler toys are made of plastic or fiber. Be very careful to select the toys as cheap plastics may contain several dangerous chemical elements. Toddlers take anything into mouth as a basic instinct. The chemicals used in color and plastics may reach their body and create health issues.

Make sure you buy a branded item with proper indications of included chemical elements. Some kids may develop allergic reactions to some toys. Once found to be allergic, and then avoid similar kind materials and keep such toys away from the kids. Make sure that the toys are strong enough that they do not break into pieces easily.

Small fragments of toys may be swallowed by kids, which may cause threats to the lives of kids. Go for fire resistant toys to ensure extra protection and safety. Non toxic materials keep the kids safe and healthy. Certain toys make loud noises which will damage the haring capacity of kids. Avoid such toys too, for better health of kids.

The toys that help the development of cognition and logical skills are generally called smart toys. Smart toys help learning as kids play. Smart toys also will develop a liking for intelligent activities in kids. Whatever toy you purchase for your kids should make the kids to somehow apply their skills and creativity, rather just watching it. For example it is better to buy a doll whose limbs can be bent same as human beings, than purchasing a stiff doll. A convertible toy challenges the creativity of a child and helps him/her to multiply the skill sets.