Onam falls on 29 August 2013

When Maveli, our King, rules the land,
All the people form one casteless race.
And people live joyful and merry;
They are free from all harm.

There is neither theft nor deceit,

And no one is false in speech either.

Measures and weights are right;

No one cheats or wrongs the neighbor.
When Maveli, our King, rules the land,

All the people form one casteless race.

Thiru Onam is celebrated in the second half of August ( the Chingam month of Kollam Era) when the August monsoon rains come to an end and the summer heat gives way to the pleasant warmth of the Kerala autumn.  Anthropologists see in Onam a great fertility rite, the ceremony of Thanksgiving for a plentiful harvest.  For Keralites Onam is the celebration of the return of Mahabali, their once beloved king.

The Origin of Onam

Onam or Thiruonam originated as a joyous annual reminiscence of the golden rule of King Mahabali, a mythical king, who ruled Kerala a very long time ago. It recalls the sacrifice of the great king, his true devotion to God, his human pride and his ultimate redemption.  This king once ruled over the Keralites during the Golden Age before caste existed, “when all men were equal, when no one was poor, when there was neither theft nor dread of thieves” (Maveli natu vanitum kalam… Manusharellam onnu pole … ).

The complete folk-song is given above in its English version.

The Legend

Facts and fables blend as Kerala celebrates this royal return, year after year with the festivities of Onam. Legend has it that the gods plotted against Mahabali to end his reign. For this they sent Lord Vishnu to earth in the form of a dwarf Brahmin. But before being trampled down to the netherworld, Vishnu granted the king’s sole wish: To visit his land and people once every year.

The Custom

A flower carpet called ‘Pookalam’ is laid in front of every house to welcome the advent of the vanquished king, and earthen mounds representing Mahabali and Vishnu are placed in the dung-plastered courtyards. Traditional rituals are performed followed by a lavish feast called ‘Sadhya’. Onam also means new clothes for the whole family, sumptuous home-cooked delicacies on plantain leaf and the lingering aroma of the sweet Payasam.

The complete onam special deliacies is available in the message

Onam is in the air. Its time to revive our rich folk arts when women come out with their dances, especially kaikottikalli. This is the period from “atham” to Onam when the Malayali celebrates a bumper harvest and is in a festive mood.

The women-folk neatly decked up in mundu-veshti and ornamental flowers in their hair decorate their frontyard and “nadumittam” with flowers and light a lamp near an idol of Ganapathy in a gesture to overcome all hurdles in their pah to prosperity.

The simple rythmic group dance which involves clapping each other’s palms while encircling the pookalam is what’s known as kaikottikali, the essence of Onam.

Women, young and old, take part in the folk dance which signifies joy, happines and festivity. Though kaikottikali is neither a ritual form of dance or stage art, it derives its “ragachaya” from kathakali and the songs are based on episodes and legends like Krishnaleela, Shakunthalam, Kuchelavritham and Dhruvacharithram. Emphasis is given on rythmic movements than on mudra.The uniqueness of kaikottikali lies in the fact that the songs are sung by the participants themselves and the dance involves just simple steps in unison.

The most common ragams found in the kaikottikali songs include the Hussaini, Bhairavi and Kamboji and on several occasions the song deviate from puranic tales to folk stories.

Songs are also sung in praise of Saraswati, Ganapathy and Krishna which is considered to be very auspicious. Sadya over, on Onam day, women dance away to glory till the euphoria wanes.

The Spectacle

Spectacular parades of caparisoned elephants, fireworks and the famous Kathakali dance are traditionally associated with Onam. It’s also the season of many cultural and sport events and carnivals. All this makes Onam-time a perfect period to visit this coastal state, touted as “Gods Own Country”. No wonder the Government of Kerala has declared this time every year as Tourism Week.

The Grand Boat Race

One of the main attractions of Onam, is the ‘Vallamkali’ or boat races of Karuvatta, Payippad, Aranmula and Kottayam. Hundreds of oarsmen row traditional boats to the rhythm of drums and cymbals. These long graceful Snake Boats called ‘Chundans’ are named after their exceedingly long hulls and high sterns that resemble the raised hood of a cobra.

Then there are ‘Odis’, the small and swift raiding crafts adorned with gold tasseled silk umbrellas, the ‘Churulans’ with their elaborately curled prows and sterns, and the ‘Veppus’, a kind of cook-boat. This traditional village rivalry on watercrafts reminds one of ancient naval warfare.

Thousands throng the banks to cheer and watch the breathtaking show of muscle power, rowing skills and rapid rhythm. These boats – all pitted against their own kind – rip through the backwaters of Kerala in a tussle of speed.

Onam is for All

Although this festival has its origin in Hindu mythology, Onam is for all people of all class and creed. Hindus, Muslims and Christians, the wealthy and the downtrodden, all celebrate Onam with equal fervor. The secular character of Onam is peculiar to this land where unity had always coexisted with diversity, especially during festivals, when people come together to celebrate life’s unlimited joys.

A long long time ago, an Asura (demon) king called Mahabali ruled Kerala. He was a wise, benevolent and judicious ruler and beloved of his subjects. Soon his fame as an able king began to spread far and wide, but when he extended his rule to the heavens and the netherworld, the gods felt challenged and began to fear his growing powers. Presuming that he might become over-powerful, Aditi, the mother of Devas pleaded with Lord Vishnu to curtail Mahabali’s powers.

Vishnu transformed himself into a dwarf called Vamana and approached Mahabali while he was performing a yajna and asked for alms. Pleased with the dwarf brahmin’s wisdom, Mahabali granted him a wish. The Emperor’s preceptor, Sukracharya warned him against making the gift, for he realized that the seeker was no ordinary person. But the Emperor’s kingly ego was boosted to think that God had asked him for a favor. So he firmly declared that there is no greater sin than going back on one’s promise. He kept his word.

The Vamana asked for a simple gift “three paces of land”  and the king agreed to it. Vishnu in the guise of Vamana then increased his stature and with the first step covered the sky, blotting out the stars, and with the second, straddled the netherworld. Realising that Vamana’s third step will destroy the earth, Mahabali offered his head as the last step.

Vishnu’s fatal third step pushed him to the netherworld, but before banishing him to the underworld Vishnu granted him a boon. Since he was attached to his kingdom and his people, he was allowed to return once a year from exile. Onam is the celebration that marks the homecoming of King Mahabali. It is the day when a grateful Kerala pays a glorious tribute to the memory of this benign king who gave his all for his subjects.

Another Legend

Another legend has it that King Mahabali was a devout worshipper of Lord Vishnu. He was sincere, honest, just and a good ruler. But he had one weakness ego. And to eradicate his pride and redeem his beloved devotee of this one sin, Vishnu came to earth in the form of a dwarf Brahmin named Vamana.

The king in his pride asked the Brahmin what he wanted for he could give anything. Vamana asked for three paces of land and the king agreed. To humble him Vishnu, as Vamana showed Mahabali that he is just a puny creature in front of God’s universal stature.
Mahabali, who was a man of principles, realized God’s purpose and offered his head for Vamana’s footstep, as he was sent to another world. This fatal step proved a blessing in disguise for the good king the foot salvaged and released him from the recurrent cycle of birth and death. That is why Onam is celebrated by wearing new clothes and resolving to lead a new life of truth, piety, love, and humility.

‘Onasadhya’ is the grand feast served during the celebration of Onam in Kerala. It is served in Banana leafs. There is a way of placing the leaf and an order of serving the dishes. The picture given below shows the serving order beginning from the left with ‘Upperies’.


Rice is the main course. With rice, various kinds of dishes are served… curries, ‘upperies’ (things fried in oil), ‘pappadams’ (round crisp flour paste cakes of peculiar make), ‘achchars’ (pickles of various kinds), ‘payasams’ and ‘prathamans’ (Desserts). Fruits are also served, mainly plantain.


Ingredients :

1. Lentils (green gram dal) – 1cup
Water                           – 3cups
Turmeric powder           – 1/2tsp

2.   Salt                               – to taste
Ghee                             – 2tsp

Method of Preparation :
Lightly fry the lentils in a pan. Boil 3cups water and add the washed lentils and turmeric powder. When it boils, lower the flame. When the lentil is cooked well, add salt to taste and ghee. Mix well and remove from fire.


The chief ingredients are dhal and vegetables such as, brinjal, drum-stick, bitter gourd (pavakkai), ladies finger etc. It is a favorite dish in South India.

Ingredients  – Serves 10

1. Bitter gourd                   –   1/2
Brinjal (egg plant)          – 1no
Drum Stick                    – 1no
Ladies finger                 – 4nos
Red chillies                    – 4nos (split into2)

2.   Sambar dal (Red gram dal) – 1cup
Turmeric powder           –  1/2tsp
Curry leaves                  – 1sprig
Water                           – 3cup

3.         Tamarind                      – size of a golf ball
Water                           – 1cup
Red chilli powder           – 1tsp
Salt                               – to taste
Curry leaves                  – 1sprig
Asafoetida powder         – 1/4tsp
Grated molasses            – 1/4tsp
Coconut oil                    – 2tbs
White gram dal              – 1/4tsp
Fenugreek                     – 1/4tsp
Dried chilli                     – 4nos
Coconut oil                    – 1/2tsp

4. Dried coriander seeds    – 2tbs

5. Coconut oil                    – 2tsp
Mustard                        – 1tsp
Dried chillies split into 2 – 2nos

6. Coriander leaves      – few

Method of Preparation :

Clean the vegetables and slice into long pieces.

Wash the dal. Boil 3 cups of water and cook dal in it. Add turmeric powder and curry leaves into the dal. Keep it aside.

Fry the 4th ingredients in 1/2tsp coconut oil. Grind it to a smooth paste and keep aside.

Mash the tamarind in 1 cup water and strain. Boil the tamarind water with red chilli powder, salt, curry leaves, asafoetida and molasses. When it boils, add  2tbs of coconut oil. Add the vegetables except the ladies finger into it. Cook till done and add the prepared dal into it. Bring to a boil and add the ladies finger and the ground masalas. Remove from fire after boiling.

Season with mustard seeds and dried chillies. Sprinkle the Sambar with chopped coriander leaves.

Note : Various vegetables like potato, carrot, radish, tomato etc can also be added to the sambar.


This is a semi-dry preparation which is a mixture of all sorts of vegetables.

Ingredients – Serves 10

1. Yam sliced thinly into 11/2″ length pieces           – 1cup
Cucumber sliced lengthy into 11/2″ thick pieces – 1cup
Snake gourd sliced into 11/2″ length pieces         – 1cup
Carrot sliced into into 11/2″ length pieces           – 1/4cup
Long runner-beans sliced into 11/2″ length  pieces  – 1/2cup
Drumstick cut into 2″ length  pieces                    – 2nos

2.Raw bananas sliced into 11/2″ length pieces        – 1no
Mango pieces                                                    – for sour

3.         Turmeric powder                                               – 1/2tsp
Salt                                                                   – to taste

4.         Grated coconut                                                  – 1/2quantity
Green chillies                                                    – 5nos
Cumin seeds                                                     – 1/2tsp

5.         Curry leaves                                                      – 2sprigs
Coconut oil                                                       – 3tbs

Method of Preparation :

Coarsely grind the coconut, green chillies and cumin seeds. Keep it aside.

Clean the vegetables. Heat 2tbs coconut oil in a thick bottom vessel. Add the vegetables and cook in a low flame. Do not add water. When it is done, add turmeric powder, salt and mix it well. Remove the vegetables from the middle and put sliced bananas and mango pieces and cover it with the other vegetables. When steam comes out, add the coconut paste and stir well. Remove from fire. Mix the remaining coconut oil and curry leaves in the avial.


It is a preparation of buttermilk with thick gravy. Sliced plantains known as nenthra-kaya and yams (chena) are boiled in water with salt and chillies. Buttermilk mixed with ground coconut pulp is poured in proper time and the preparation is flavored by the addition of mustard, fried in coconut oil.

Ingredients – Serves 10

1. Yam sliced into small pieces                   – 100gm
Small raw banana                                   – 1no
Green chillies (slit the edge)                   – 3nos

2. Pepper powder               – 1tsp
Water                           – 1cup
Turmeric powder           – 1/4tsp
Salt                               – to taste

3.Ghee                             – 1tsp
Curry leaves                  – 1sprig

4. Mashed yogurt (without water)     – 1/2litre

5. Grated coconut    – 1/2quantity
Cumin seeds        – 1/2tsp

6.Fried and powdered
fenugreek             – 1/2tsp

7.Ghee                             – 3tsp
Dried chilli (split into 2) – 2nos
Mustard                        – 1tsp

Method of Preparation:

Remove the skin of the plantain and slice it into small pieces.

Grind the coconut and cumin to a smooth paste without adding water. Keep it aside.

Dissolve the pepper powder in 1/2cup of water and strain it through a clean cloth. Cook the vegetables in this water. Add the turmeric powder and salt. Stir well. When the water dries, add 1tsp ghee. Pour the yogurt and mix well. Lower the flame. When the curd boils and becomes dry and thick, add the grinded coconut mixture and fenugreek powder into it. Stir well. Brings to a boil and remove from fire. Season with mustard, dried chillies and curry leaves.


Ingredients – Serves 10

1. Ash gourd        – 100gm
Pumpkin          – 100gm
Green chillies  – 4nos (split the edge)
Red gram dal  – 1tbs (soaked in the water for about 6 hours)

2. Grated coconut – 1/2quantity
(Squeeze out 1/4cup of the milk from the coconut without adding water. Take one more cup of milk from the coconut)

3. Salt                  – to taste

4. Coconut oil       – 1tbs
Curry leaves     – 1sprig

Method of Preparation :

Remove the covering of the ash gourd and pumpkin and cut it into small pieces.  Cook the vegetables and red gram dal in water. Add enough salt and the green chillies. When it is done, add 1cup coconut milk and boil. When it thickens well, add 1/4cup coconut milk. Bring to a boil and remove from fire. Add 1tbs coconut oil and the curry leaves and mix well.


Ingredients :

1. Cabbage, long runner-beans or any other vegetable, cut in to small pieces    – 500gm

2. Coconut oil                                        -2tsp
Mustard seeds                                   – 1/2tsp
Black gram                                        – 1tsp
Dried red Chilly (cut into 2-3 pieces)   – 4 no.

3.Salt                                                  – to taste
Turmeric powder                               – 1/4tsp
Red chilly powder                              – 1/4tsp

4.Coconut                                           – 1 cup
Cumin Seeds                                    – 1/4tsp
Curry leaves                                     -2 sprigs
Garlic cloves                                    – 2

Method of Preparation :

Crush the coconut, cumin seeds, curry leaves and garlic. Put  the vegetable in a pan  and boil with salt and chillies.  Heat the oil in a pan and saut  2nd ingredients. Add the tumeric and chilly powder, boiled vegetables and crushed ingredients. Mix well and serve hot.


This is a preparation where ginger is the main ingredient.


1. Ginger                 – 25gm
Green Chilly       – 4nos.

2. coconut oil      – 1tsp
Dried red chilly   1no. cut in to 4 pieces
Mustard seeds – 1/2tsp

3.         Tamarind        – size of a lemon
Water             -2cups

4. Turmeric powder     – 1/4tsp
Chilly Powder          -1/4tsp
Asafoetida powder  -1/4tsp
Jaggery (grated)     – 25gm
Curry leaves           -1 sprigs
Fenugreek seeds    -1 pinch

Method of preparation:

Peal ginger and cut into very small pieces. Cut the green chillies also into small pieces. Heat oil  and saut  the 2nd ingredients  for a minute. Add ginger and green chilly pieces and fry well and keep it aside. Put tamarind in two cups of water, squeeze well and take the liquid. Keep  this liquid on fire adding the 4th ingredients. Boil till the solution becomes thick. Add the fried ginger and chilly pieces, boil once more and remove from fire.



Nicely chopped ginger – 4 spoons
Curd – 6 spoons
Salt – as required

Method of preparation

Mix all the ingredients and stir well. The injithair is ready.


Ingredients :

1.Ripe pineapple cut into 1/2″ square pieces – 2cups
Turmeric powder                – 1/2tsp
Salt – to taste

2.Grated coconut                   – 1cup
Dried red chilli                          – 1

3.Coconut oil                         – 2dsp
Mustard seeds                    – 1/2tsp
Dried red chillies                 – 3 (cut into 6 pieces)
Curry leaves                       – 1sprig

4.Crushed mustard                – 1tsp

Method of Preparation :

Boil pineapple, with turmeric and salt in 1/2cup water. Grind coconut with dried chilli to a fine paste.

Heat the oil and season with mustard seeds. Saute the coconut paste and add the curry leaves and dried red chillies. When it is done, add the boiled pineapple pieces. The gravy should be thick and the cover the pineapple pieces. Add the crushed mustard just before removing the pachhady from fire.


It is made of raw plantains and Yams sliced and boiled in water with salt and chillies or pepper added. The pulp of the coconut is ground with a little cumin seed added to it. When the whole thing is properly boiled, a few mustard seeds along with scraped coconut pulp fried in coconut oil, is added in to it to give it flavour. Erissery is also made with pumpkin and red oriental beans, the recipe is given below.


Ingredients :

Yam cut into small pieces    – 60gms
Big raw banana                   – 1
Pepper powder                    – 1tsp
Turmeric powder                 – 1/4tsp
Water                                 – 1cup
Salt                                    – to taste
Grated coconut                   – 1/2coconut
Cumin seeds                       – a pinch
Ghee                                  – 10gm
Coconut oil                         – 1tbs
Mustard seeds                    – 1/4tsp

Method :

Split the banana lengthwise into 3 pieces. Do not peel the skin. Cut it into small pieces.

Boil yam and banana with pepper powder, turmeric powder and salt in 1 cup of water. Grind one fourth quantity of grated coconut and cumin seeds together and add to it.

Grind the remaining coconut and saute in a low flame till brown in colour. Keep it aside.

Season mustard seeds in ghee. Add the coconut oil, seasoned mustard seeds and the sauted coconut to the vegetable mixture. Mix well.


Ingredients :

Ripe Pumpkin sliced into pieces – 2 cups
Red oriental bean                     – 1/2 cup
Oil                                           – 2 dsp
Squeezed coconut milk              – 1 dsp
Dried chilli                                – 2 nos
Mustard                                    – 1 tsp
Curry leaves                              – 2 springs
Salt to taste

To be Ground:

Grated Coconut                           – 1 cup
Small onions                               – 1 or 2 nos
Garlic                                         – 2 nos
Cumin                                        – 1/2 tsp
Turmeric powder                         – 1/2 tsp
Green chilli                                 – 2 or 3 nos


Cook pumpkin after adding enough water and salt. Cook red oriental beans separately and mix it along with the pumpkin. Grind the ingredients to be ground coarsely. Add it to the pumpkin, boil for sometime and keep aside. Heat oil in a pan, season mustard, curry leaves and dry chillies and add the thick coconut milk. Pour it to the cooked pumpkin curry & mix  well. Tasty erissery is ready to be served.


In this curry, a miscellaneous variety of vegetables and some Bengal gram are used. The difference between this and ‘Aviyal’ is that no tamarind is added.

Ingredients :

Bengal gram dal    – 1/2cup
Pumpkin, snake gourd, Long runner beans, yam, Cucumber            – 1/4kg (all together)
Inner flesh of drum stick           – 1/2cup
Grated coconut    – 1/2cup
Turmeric powder – 1/4tsp
Green chillies      – 3 (split into 2)
Salt to taste
Coconut oil         – 1/4cup
Mustard              – 1tsp
White gram dal   – 2dsp
Dried red chillies – 3 (each sliced into 3)
Curry leaves       – 2sprigs
Ghee                  – 1dsp
Grated coconut   – 1/4cup

Method of Preparation  :

Cook the bengal gram dal with salt and water to a thick gravy. Clean and cut the vegetables into small pieces. Par boil the vegetables by steaming. Grind 1/2cup grated coconut and mix it with turmeric powder and green chillies.

Heat oil and season mustard, white gram dal, dried red chillies and curry leaves. Add the ground coconut mixture. Saute for sometime, till the water dries. Add the cooked vegetables, salt and bengal gram dal. Saute well.

Heat 1dsp ghee and fry the 1/4cup grated coconut in it till golden brown. Add this to the koottucurry and mix well.


Ingredients :

1.Big size ripe lemon    – 12nos
Salt  – 2dsp  4.  Green chillies    – 18nos (split the end)
Chopped ginger         – 1/2dsp
2. Gingelly oil  – 2dsp   Garlic flakes     – 1dsp
3. Mustard                 – 1/4tsp
4. Fenugreek                  – 1/4tsp

5.  Water                         – 1/2cup
6. Vinegar                      – 2dsp
7. Sugar                         – 1tsp

Method :

Steam the lemon. When it is half cooked, wipe out the water from it. Heat some gingelly oil and saut the lemon in a low flame and allow to cool. Wipe out the excess oil from the lemon. Cut each lemon into 8 pieces. Mix well with 1/4cup of salt and keep aside.

Season mustard and fenugreek in 2dsp of gingelly oil. Saute the 4th ingredients and add water, vinegar and sugar into it. When it boils, remove from fire and add the lemon pieces. Mix well. Pickle is ready.



Raw mango (sour)   -1
Turmeric Powder     – 1 pinch
Chilly Powder          – 1 tsp
Fenugreek              – 1 pinch
Asafoetida             –  1 pinch
Gingelly oil             – 1tbs
Salt                       – to taste

Method of Preparation:

Cut the mango into small pieces. Mix turmeric powder and salt and keep aside for 1 hour. Fry and grind Asafoetida.
Heat gingelly oil, add chilly powder, Asafoetida, fenugreek and mix with the mango pieces.



Ripe Mango – 1 or 2
Green chilli – 2 or 3
Mustard – 1tsp
Turmeric powder – 1/2 tsp
Chilli powder – 1tsp
Coconut  milk- 2 cups

Method of Preparation:

Chop mango and green chillies into very small pieces. Grind mustard, turmeric powder and chilli powder and apply this paste to the chopped mango, keep it for some time. Season mustard and curry leaves, saut mango, salt and green chilli, add coconut milk and boil. When it thickens remove from fire.


Ingredients :

Semi ripe Banana      – 1
Coconut oil               – 100gms
Molasses or Jaggery  – 75gms
Dried ginger powder – 5gms
Ghee                        – 1tsp
Water                      –  1/4glass

Method of Preparation :

Peel the bananas and split it into two pieces. Cut it into 1/4″ thick pieces. Fry it in warm coconut oil.

Heat the molasses in  1/4glass of water. Remove from fire when it becomes thick. Add dried ginger powder and fried banana pieces in this molasses solution. Keep stirring till the banana pieces separates.


Ingredients :

Semi ripe banana    – 1
Coconut oil             – 150gm
Turmeric powder    –  1/4tsp
Salt                       – to taste

Method :

Peel banana and slice into thin round pieces or split bananas into 4 thin pieces and slice. Heat oil and fry the banana pieces. When it is  3/4 done, add turmeric powder and salt mixed in 1tsp water. Fry well.


Pappadam’s are round crisp flour paste cakes readily available in the market. They are fried in oil and served. Several types of pappadams are now avilable. You can pick one according to your choice.


There are several varieties of ‘payasams’.  One is in which rice, wheat or vermicelli is boiled with milk and sweetened with sugar. It goes by the name of ‘pal payasam’. Another, is made of boiled rice or dal or wheat, to which is added jaggery and coconut milk. Both are flavoured with spices.


Ingredients :

Milk                  – 3litres
Dried red rice – 180gm
Sugar                – 700gm

Method of Preparation :

Boil the milk. Add sugar and mix well. When it boils again, add the washed rice in it. Simmer in medium flame. Cook till the rice is done. Serve hot.


Ingredients :

Vermicelli         – 1 cup
Cashew nuts     – handful
Raisins             – handful
Water              –  3/4cup
Sugar               – a cup
Saffron            – a pinch
Milk                 – a cup
Cardamom       – two or three pods

Method of preparation :

Heat the ghee and fry the vermicelli till light brown. In the meanwhile, boil the water. Add the vermicelli to the boiling water and cover it. Keep stirring occasionally. Once the vermicelli becomes soft , add the sugar and continue to stir. Put the saffron in the milk and dissolve it, add this milk to the vermicelli. Powder the cardamom and add it to the mixture. Then fry the cashewnuts and almonds in ghee and add these. Mix well and boil for about two minutes. Your payasam is ready and can be served hot or cold.



Broken Wheat    – 250g
Coconut             – 2
Jaggery             – 500g
Raisins               -10g
Cashew Nuts       -10g
Ghee                  -3tbs
Cardamom          -5g
Dry ginger powder-10g
Cumin Powder-10g

Method of Preparation:

Grate the coconut. Add1/2 glass warm water to the grated coconut. Extract the first milk. Extract the second milk by adding 1 1/2 glass warm water. Again repeat the process to extract the third milk.

Fry broken wheat lightly in one teaspoon ghee. Cook the wheat well in 1 1/2 liters of water.

When it is done add the third milk and the second milk to the wheat and bring to a boil. when it thickens to a semi solid consistency, add powdered jaggery. Add the first milk, fried nut, raisins, powdered Cardamom, ginger and cumin. Mix well and remove from fire immediately. Serve hot.



Parippu (Green gram dal)    – 250gm
Sarkara (Jaggery)    – 250gm
Coconut milk    – From 2 coconuts
Ghee    – 2 tbs
Cashew nuts, Raisins    – As required for seasoning

Method of preparation :

Fry dal till light brown. Clean and boil the fried dal well.
Heat jaggery with some water and make a thick solution. Take milk from the coconut thrice. Keep the thick milk taken 1st, aside. Add the 2nd and 3rd milk and the jaggery solution to the boiled dal. Simmer on medium flame till thick. Fry the cashewnuts and Raisins in ghee. Add these and the 1st milk to the payasam . Mix well and remove from fire.


There are various kinds of Prathamans such as Ada, pazham, parippu and palada prathamans.

In ‘Ada prathaman’, rice flour mixed with molasses is formed into a paste, cut into small pieces and boiled in water. To these, coconut milk and molasses are added in proportion. It is then flavored with ghee.

In ‘pazham prathaman’, plantain fruits of a special kind known as ‘Nentra Pazham’ are well boiled in water till the whole water is dried and the whole thing is reduced to a pulp by constant pressing. Then it is tempered with ghee. Coconut milk is added and the thing sweet in itself, is further sweetened with molasses. The kernel of a dried coconut, cut into small slices is boiled in ghee, and added to it.

The main ingredient used in ‘parippu prathaman’ is pulse. Many more kinds of prathamans are made of other articles as with Bengal gram, pumpkins etc.


In palada prathaman pieces of flour paste (ada) are boiled in milk and sweetened with sugar. No ghee or spices are added except some cardamoms.

Ingredients :

Thick milk                – 3litre
Par boiled rice (dried red rice) – 250gm
Water to mix flour
Coconut oil              – 1tbs
Sugar                      – 2tbs
Plantain leaf pieces – as required
Sugar                     – 625gm
Cardamom powder (optional)

Method of Preparation :

Wash rice and drain the water. Dry grind the rice well. Add enough water to make a semi thick batter. Add 1tbs coconut oil and  1/2tbs sugar in it.

Clean and wipe the plaintain leaf pieces and pour the batter in a thin layer evenly and roll the leaf pieces tightly. Boil water in a big vessel and steam the flour batter. Take the steam batter from the leaf and cut into small pieces. Wash the pieces and strain.

Boil milk well and add sugar. Continue boiling till its colour changes to pale pink. Add the ada pieces to it. Boil again and remove from fire.

Note: ‘Ada’  is now available in the market. You can boil ‘ada’ with milk and sugar and make Palada in no time.



Lady’s finger pieces   – 31/2 cup
Thick Curd from 1/2 litre milk – 2 cups
Green chillies                         – 2
Dry Red chillies                      – 3
Mustard                                 – 1 dsp
Grated coconut                      – 1/2 cup
Curry leaves                         – 2 springs
Oil                                       – 2 tsp
Salt to taste

Method of Preparation:

Slice the ladies finger in small round pieces. Fry lady’s finger in oil till crisp. Ground coarsely grated coconut, green chillies and mustard. Season mustard, red chilli and curry leaves in 2 tsp oil. Lower the flame add curd and the ground ingredients. Keep stirring. Add fried ladies finger and salt. Remove from fire when it boils.

You can use Pavakkai (Bitter Gourd) instead of Ladies Finger as a variation.

HAPPY ONAM to you & your family !!!






Why is the thinking on Congress side that they would form UPA III?

A simple arithmetic that all right thinking and nationalist voters
must know is that (A) There are 10 smaller states and 19 larger
states. Forget Union Territories for a while. CONGRESS is a
National Party with presence all over the country. They have
money and mischief making to their advantage. (B) If Congress
manages to get just 5 seats in the smaller states and 12 on an
average in larger states then they would bag 50+228 making a
tally of 278 to be singularly successful at the elections.

Each and every individual voter, wishing to see the corrupt
Government out for ever and a reliable, hard working, capable,
nationalist leader becomes a Prime Minister to lead the country
better than what we saw in last 9 years, must ensure that
Congress and their allies do not get that winning number.
I am optimistic that it shall be possible. India shall see better
days in 2014, if we individuals vow to educate our neighbours,
less enlightened voters not to fall prey to BRIBING BEFORE VOTES.
RLD, SP etc parties who were threatened by the CBI actions against
the past corruptions & crimes of their leaders. THROW THEM OUT.
I am optimistic that it shall happen just as it happened after 34 years
of misrule by the Left Front in West Bengal. No one thought that the
change was possible. Peoples wrath & negative voting against CPIM
changed a strong Government. Such is the POWER OF THE PEOPLE.

I urge upon every right thinking people of India, our friends and their
all friends to be on guard. Educate people on right things that must

The country is sick and tired. Not a single day passes without a scam
being unearthed. Not a day passes when a central Minister is implicated.
Their abuse of power for business houses, businessmen ruins India.


OUT CONGRESS & THEIR CORRUPT MEN and Allies, we and country
shall head for a DOOM.


Will it? You only can understand and kill their arithmetic. Will you?



A Hindu saint who was visiting river Ganges to take bath found a group of family members on the banks, shouting in anger at each other. He turned to his disciples smiled ‘n asked.

‘Why do people shout in anger shout at each other?’

Disciples thought for a while, one of them said, ‘Because we lose our calm, we shout.’

‘But, why should you shout when the other person is just next to you? You can as well tell him what you have to say in a soft manner.’ asked the saint

Disciples gave some other answers but none satisfied the other disciples.
Finally the saint explained, .

‘When two people are angry at each other, their hearts distance a lot. To cover that distance they must shout to be able to hear each other. The angrier they are, the stronger they will have to shout to hear each other to cover that great distance.

What happens when two people fall in love? They don’t shout at each other but talk softly, Because their hearts are very close. The distance between them is either nonexistent or very small…’

The saint continued, ‘When they love each other even more, what happens? They do not speak, only whisper ‘n they get even closer to each other in their love. Finally they even need not whisper, they only look at each other ‘n that’s all. That is how close two people are when they love each other.’

He looked at his disciples and said.

‘So when you argue do not let your hearts get distant, Do not say words that distance each other more, Or else there will come a day when the distance is so great that you will not find the path to return.’

Why Most of Political Parties don’t want Modi to be PM ?

Why Most of Political Parties don’t want Modi to be PM ?
Firstly, Modi will shut down the factories of Christian missionaries who are funded from outside and work as per the govt instructions. Secondly, Modi will throw the Bangladeshi immigrants who are more than 2 crore in India and are vote bank of congress. This is how congress is elected in ASSAM. Thirdly, Modi will remove the Article 370 from Kashmir and settle the Kashmir pandits who were kicked out from Kashmir by radical wings. Fourthly, Modi don’t talk about dividing nation on bases of caste/religion as he has shown in Gujarat and what will happen to those parties who are dependent on diving nation on bases of caste/religion? Fifthly, Modi is Pro-business but not on the cost of local industry and what will happen to those politicians who are funded by foreigners to destroy the local industry? Sixthly, Modi neither take bribe and neither let others as his state is not among top of the corrupt states like others; so what will happen to those who depend on bribes and scams? Seventhly, Modi is not influenced by neighboring nation and don’t bow down in front of them like congress bowed in front of china and in front of Pakistan like terrorist country ? Eighthly, what will happen to those BJP leaders who have not delivered in last 10 years other than fighting and what will happen to the careers of those old faggots? Finally, he is nationalist and is not afraid of those paid stooges in media who are working on directions of govt.


1. Who wrote the song “Saare jahan se acha” ?
Answer: Muhammad Iqbal
2. Who give music to the song “Saare jahan se
acha” ?
Answer :Pandit Ravi Shankar
3. Which is the world soldest news agency?
Answer :AFP (Agence France Press)
4. What is the chemical name of Tear Gas ?
Answer:Chloro acetophenone
5. Which is the only hobby recognized by the
United Nations?
Answer:Ham Radio
6. What is the national flower of Pakistan?
7. What is the scientific name of Cockroach?
Answer :Periplaneta americana
8. What is the unit of luminous intensity?
Answer :Candela
9. Who is the winner of 2013 Us open men’s
title ?
Answer:Andy Murray
10. Who is the winner of 2013 Us open
women’s title ?
Answer:Serena Williams
11. Which famous writer is known as Father of
Snow Golf?
Answer: Rudyard Kipling
12. How many Schedules are there in the Indian
13. Which planet is known as Red planet?
14. Which European countries are separated by
Market Reef?
Answer:Finland and Sweden
15. Who is the author of Panchtantra?
Answer:Vishnu Sharma
16. Which is the coldest planet in solar system ?
17. The Rourkela Steel Plant in Odisha was built
with the collaboration of _____ ?
18. The Durgapur Steel Plant in West Bengal was
built with the collaboration of _____ ?
19. The Bhilai Steel Plant inChattisgarh was built
with the collaboration of _____ ?
20. Who is the first and only Muslim lady ever
to rule the throne of Delhi ?
Answer: Razia Sultana
21.Who composed the national anthem of
Bangladesh (Amar sona bangla)?
Answer: Rabindranath Tagore
22. Who wrote the book Planned economy for
Answer:M. Visvesvaraya (He is known as father
of Indian planning, his birthday September 15 is
observed as Engineer’s Day in India )
23. Which is the oldest sports in the world?
Answer:Archery( It is the national sports of
24. What is the normal duration of Hockey
Answer: 70 Minutes
25. Which Minor Rock Edict of Asoka describes
the conquest of Kalinga by Asoka ?
Answer: No.XIII (13)
26. Who is the author of Joy of Numbers?
Answer :Shakuntala Devi
27. Who is the creator of the painting The
Potato Eaters?
Answer:Vincent van Gogh
28 .Folketing is the parliament of which
country ?
* 29. What s the chemical name of Lime stone?
Answer:Calcium Carbonate
*30. Who is the last CM of united Andhra pradesh?

IRCTC Launches SMS/USSD based Mobile Bookings !!!

Railway e-ticket now on mobile

  • IRCTC introduces for the first time a non-internet based ticketing system that will empower masses even in remote areas to use the omnipresent mobile device to make reservations.
  • Millions of rail travellers can now use their mobile phones to book tickets in a simple, convenient and secured manner.
  • It uses simple SMS or menu-based USSD technology which works on all mobile phones and involves no internet and costs very little.
  • The services can be currently availed by IRCTC registered users only.

Advantages of booking IRCTC tickets via mobile

  • No need to stand in long queues or log onto the internet.
  • Simple, reliable and secured.
  • Accessible to any mobile user.
  • Very little charges for accessing the service.
  • Works on all handsets.
  • Simple user guided menu – book tickets, search for stations, trains, availability.


1. USSD based booking through Airtel*


  • Register for Airtel money by dialing USSD (Unstructured Supplementary Services Data) number *400#.
  • Load cash on this or recharge from any Airtel money outlet.

Booking Flow

  • Dial *400# and select book tickets option.
  • Select Reservation.
  • Enter your IRCTC User ID.
  • Enter the details of ticket (station, train no. date of journey, class etc.).
  • Enter mPIN for authorizing payment through Airtel money.
  • Booking confirmation SMS is sent by IRCTC and same can be used during journey along with valid ID proof..
  • Fare & service charges are debited from your Airtel money account.
  • PG Charges: Currently NIL
  • Agent Service Charges: Currently NIL
  • Helpline No.: 121
  • Helpline Email : 121@airtelmoney.in


2. SMS based booking through 139*


  • Register your mobile number with IRCTC as well as with your bank.
  • Bank provides MMID (Mobile Money Identifier) & OTP (One Time Password) through IMPS (Immediate Payment Service) option.
  • More than 25 banks are providing IMPS facility. For generating MMID & OTP, visit website: http://www.npci.org.in/impsmerpay10.aspx.)

Booking Flow

  • Generate OTP through your Bank for authorization of payment.
  • Send SMS, in the following syntax, to 139 BOOK <TrainNo><FromStn.Code><ToStn.Code> <TravelDate (DDMM)><Class><Passenger-Name><Age><M/F>
  • You will receive Transaction ID alongwith other details.
  • Make payment through sending an SMS, in the following syntax, to 139 PAY <Transaction ID as received><IMPS><Your MMID as received from the bank><OTP, your one time password as received from the bank for this transaction><IRCTCUserID> and your ticket is booked; confirmation SMS is received on your mobile and same can be used during journey along with valid ID proof.
  • Service is available to all mobile subscribers.
  • SMSes @ Rs 3/- per SMS (2 SMSes are required for each booking).
  • PG charges Rs 5/- for ticket amount < Rs 5000/ and Rs 10/- for ticket amount >= Rs 5000/- (as applicable by bank).
  • Agent Service Charges: NIL
  • Helpline No.: 139
  • Helpline Email : smsticket139@bharatbpo.in


3. SMS based booking through 5676714*


  • Register your mobile number with IRCTC as well as with m-wallet (http://www.zipcash.in/user/nlogin.aspx)
  • Send SMS, to 5676714, in the following syntax START < irctc user Id > for user authentication (first time only)

Booking Flow

  • Send an SMS to 5676714 to book a ticket in the following syntax: BOOK <From stn.code>,<to stn.code>, <DDMMYY>, <Trainno>,<Class>,<passenger name>,<age>,<M/F>
  • 1. “PAY , MPAY, < m-PIN >” for authorizing payment through MPAY


  • 2. “Send <mobileno>,<mmid>,<amount>, <transaction Id>,<OTP>” to your Bank IMPS number.
  • After payment is made booking confirmation is sent to your mobile.
  • SMSes @ Rs 3/- per SMS (2 SMSes are required for each booking).
  • PG Charges: Currently NIL
  • Agent Service Charges: As applicable.
  • Helpline No. : 8882001001
  • Helpline Email : support@saarthii.com


4. SMS based booking through BSNL*

User should have the following:

  • 1. BSNL SIM card installed.
  • 2. Java enabled mobile phone.
  • 3. Andhra Bank Prepaid card.
  • This is a menu driven application where user has to enter the details asked for in simple step-by-step process to get the ticket.


  • Install the application.
  • Select the Register option to get them PIN.


  • Click the icon BSNL Prepaid Card
  • Select Ticketing > Train (IRCTC)
  • Fill up the journey details such as From stn, To Stn, Train No, DOJ, Class, Quota, passenger details.
  • Enter them PIN to get the ticket information.
  • SMSes: without charges.
  • PG Charges: Currently NIL
  • Agent Service Charges: As applicable.
  • Helpline No. : 040-39849644
  • Helpline Email : bsnl.support@pyrogroup.com
E-ticketing through IRCTC website, www.irctc.co.in, has revolutionized the way the common man deals with the railways and has been the biggest success story of e-governance in India. Taking this further, keeping an eye on growing mobile phone market in India, IRCTC now launched two other modes of ticket booking through SMS and USSD… and you don`t need an Internet connection in your mobile for this.

So, next time you book a rail ticket, take out your mobile.

* The services will not be available between 0800-1200 hrs. However, the ticket can still be booked using mobile through IRCTC main site www.irctc.co.in