Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam’s Remarkable List of Achievements and Awards

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam’s Remarkable List of Achievements and Awards

Abdul Kalam will remain one of the finest human beings to have ever lived. He lived an illustrious and successful life, and his legacy will continue to inspire people around the world in the coming years. Below is a list that tries to do justice to his numerous achievements:

  • After graduating from Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, Mr Kalam joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). He designed helicopters for the Indian Army, but he always said he didn’t feel at home at the DRDO.
  • In 1969 he got the Government’s approval to expand the programme by including more engineers and scientists.
  • After he was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Mr Kalam worked as the project director for SLV-III, India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle.
  • SLV-III successfully launched satellite Rohini to orbit on July 1980. From then, Mr Kalam expanded India’s space programme.
  • In the 1980s he led India’s missile programme. Under his leadership, India became a major military power after the successes of Agni and Prithvi.
  • He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of Defence Research and Development Organisation from July 1992 to December 1999.
  • In 1998, along with cardiologist Dr.Soma Raju, Kalam developed a low cost Coronary stent. It was named as “Kalam-Raju Stent” honouring them. In 2012, the duo designed a rugged tablet PC for health care in rural areas, which was named as “Kalam-Raju Tablet”.
  • In 1998, the Pokhran-II tests cemented India’s nuclear prowess. Mr Kalam played the pivotal role in the project. He firmly told the international community that such arms were only to deter other nations from trying to subjugate India, and were only to be used as “weapons of peace”.
  • In a rare show of unity, all political parties unanimously voted for Mr Kalam in 2002 as the 11th President of India.
  • As President, Mr Kalam personified dignity and optimism throughout India and abroad. His stirring speeches at the UN and the European Parliament are among the best ever delivered. His simplicity in oration and action were applauded and made him dear to all.
  • After the completion of his term as President, Mr Kalam became a visiting professor, wrote extensively and launched many initiatives for youth development. “Wings of Fire” and “India 2020” are modern classics, and have motivated millions of Indians.
  • His books envision his dream of India as a superpower, with Indians as innovative and unique in their thinking. His speeches, books, works – all are the legacy of a man who spent all his life trying to make the world a better place.
Year Name of award or honour Awarding organisation
2014 Doctor of Science Edinburgh University,UK
2012 Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa) Simon Fraser University
2011 IEEE Honorary Membership IEEE
2010 Doctor of Engineering University of Waterloo
2009 Honorary Doctorate Oakland University
2009 Hoover Medal ASME Foundation, USA
2009 International von Kármán Wings Award California Institute of Technology, USA
2008 Doctor of Engineering

(Honoris Causa)

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
2007 King Charles II Medal Royal Society, UK
2007 Honorary Doctorate of Science University of Wolverhampton, UK
2000 Ramanujan Award Alwars Research Centre, Chennai
1998 Veer Savarkar Award Government of India
1997 Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration Indian National Congress
1997 Bharat Ratna Government of India
1994 Distinguished Fellow Institute of Directors (India)
1990 Padma Vibhushan Government of India
1981 Padma Bhushan Government of India

Book Review: Wings of Fire by APJ Abdul Kalam

Book Review: Wings of Fire by APJ Abdul Kalam

Introduction

APJ Abdul Kalam is a renowned Indian scientist who went on to become 11th President of India (2002-2007). He is very well known across India and is a recipient of India’s three highest civilian awards – Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan and Bharat Ratna. Wings of Fire is an autobiography of APJ Abdul Kalam written jointly by Arun Tiwari and Abdul Kalam. It covers Kalam’s life before he became president of India and in 2013 another autobiography titled “My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions” was released.

Book Review: Wings of Fire by APJ Abdul Kalam

Wings of Fire is an autography of APJ Abdul Kalam covering his early life and his work in Indian space research and missile programs. It is the story of a boy from a humble background who went on to become a key player in Indian space research/Indian missile programs and later became the president of India. The book has been very popular in India and has been translated into multiple languages. I recently picked up a copy and read it in a couple of days. It was very engaging initially, but tended to drag a bit towards the end with lot of technical details and procedural information of his space research and missile projects.

I loved the initial chapters of Wings of Fire since it gives a vivid picture of our country during 1930 – 1950s. Kalam was born in Rameswaram, a southern religious town in Tamilnadu. The initial chapters provides an interesting glimpse of religious harmony which existed before India’s partition,

The famous Shiva temple, which made Rameswaram so sacred to pilgrims , was about a ten-minute walk from our house. Our locality was predominantly Muslim, but there were quite a few Hindu families too, living amicably with their Muslim neighbours.

……

The high priest of Rameswaram temple, Pakshi Lakshmana Sastry, was a very close friend of my father’s. One of the most vivid memories of my early childhood is of the two men, each in his traditional attire, discussing spiritual matters.

……

One day when I was in the fifth standard at the Rameswaram Elementary School, a new teacher came to our class. I used to wear a cap which marked me as a Muslim, and I always sat in the front row next to Ramanadha Sastry, who wore a sacred thread. The new teacher could not stomach a Hindu priest’s son sitting with a Muslim boy. In accordance with our social ranking as the new teacher saw it, I was asked to go and sit on the back bench. I felt very sad, and so did Ramanadha Sastry. He looked utterly downcast as I shifted to my seat in the last row. The image of him weeping when I shifted to the last row left a lasting impression on me. After school , we went home and told our respective parents about the incident.

Lakshmana Sastry summoned the teacher, and in our presence , told the teacher that he should not spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children. He bluntly asked the teacher to either apologize or quit the school and the island. Not only did the teacher regret his behaviour, but the strong sense of conviction Lakshmana Sastry conveyed ultimately reformed this young teacher.

Kalam in younger years wanted to be an officer in air force, however he couldn’t clear the interview. He met Swami Sivananda after this failure and I found his words to Kalam interesting and in a way prophetic,

Accept your destiny and go ahead with your life. You are not destined to become an Air Force pilot. What you are destined to become is not revealed now but it is predetermined. Forget this failure, as it was essential to lead you to your destined path. Search, instead, for the true purpose of your existence. Become one with yourself, my son! Surrender yourself to the wish of God,

In the book we learn how Kalam started his career in Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) and was involved in the design of a hovercraft. Later he moved to Indian Space Research which was the brain child of Vikram Sarabhai. In 1963, Kalam went to NASA facility in Maryland(USA) as part of a training program on sounding rocket launching techniques. There he came across a painting which depicted Tipu Sultan’s rocket warfare against the British,

Here, I saw a painting prominently displayed in the reception lobby. It depicted a battle scene with a few rockets flying in the background. A painting with this theme should be the most commonplace thing at a Flight Facility, but the painting caught my eye because the soldiers on the side launching the rockets were not white , but dark-skinned, with the racial features of people found in South Asia. One day, my curiosity got the better of me, drawing me towards the painting. It turned out to be Tipu Sultan’s army fighting the British. The painting depicted a fact forgotten in Tipu’s own country but commemorated here on the other side of the planet. I was happy to see an Indian glorified by NASA as a hero of warfare rocketry.

The book covers a lot of “behind the scene” information and technical details about India’s satellite and missile program (SLV-3, Prithvi, Agni, Thrisul, Akash and Nag). This might interest technically inclined readers but is sure to put off readers who bought the book to get to know Kalam or to know his principles/ideas. Space and missile programs are huge complex projects and managing them is extremely challenging. The book does give a glimpse of the participatory management technique adopted by Kalam, but at the same time it doesn’t go into details.

Wings of fire covers Kalam’s personal life only briefly which is strange for an autobiography. For example, we don’t know why he decided to remain single or his activities outside space research (even though we can conclude in the end that he was married to science and technology).

Kalam is a poet and is a huge fan of poems. The book contains many of his own poems and his favorite poems. Here is an example,

Do not look at Agni
as an entity directed upward
to deter the ominous
or exhibit your might.
It is fire in the heart of an Indian.
Do not even give it
the form of a missile
as it clings to the
burning pride of this nation
and thus is bright.

Through Wings of Fire, we come across some brilliant people who worked behind Indian space research  such as Vikram Sarabhai and Dr. Brahm Prakash. The book also contains about 24 photos and I found the ones from the early days of Indian space program very interesting. This alone is worth the price of the book!

One of the things that stands out throughout the book is Kalam’s positive thinking. He held many high ranking positions in various organizations. Yet in the book he rarely mentions anything about lethargy/corruption of bureaucracy or politicians. The secret to his success seems to be his ability to ignore negative things around him. The book also gives a clue to his popularity in India. Kalam is a simple, secular, inspiring humanitarian.

 

List of books written by late APJ Abdul Kalam

List of books written by late APJ Abdul Kalam

Wings of Fire
An Autobiography: APJ Abdul Kalam With Arun Tiwari
2020 – A Vision for the New Millenium
APJ Abdul Kalam With YS Rajan
Envisioning an Empowered Nation
Technology for Societal Transformation: APJ Abdul Kalam With A Sivathanu Pillai
Ignited Minds
Unleashing The Power Within India: APJ Abdul Kalam
My Journey
APJ Abdul Kalam
Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology
R Narasimha and APJ Abdul Kalam
The Luminous Sparks
A biography in verse and colours: APJ Abdul Kalam
The Life Tree
Poems: APJ Abdul Kalam
Painting illustrations by Manav Gupta
Mission India
A Vision for Indian Youth: APJ Abdul Kalam with YS Rajan
Children Ask Kalam
Children and APJ Abdul Kalam
Guiding Souls
Dialogues on the Purpose of life: APJ Abdul Kalam with Arun K Tiwari
Inspiring Thoughts
by APJ Abdul Kalam

भारत रत्नल डॉ. ए.पी.जे. अब्दुल कलाम को विनम्र श्रद्धांजलि!

भारत रत्‍न डॉ. ए.पी.जे. अब्दुल कलाम को विनम्र श्रद्धांजलि!

चमत्कारिक प्रतिभा के धनी डॉ0 अवुल पकिर जैनुलआब्दीन अब्दुल कलाम (कलाम साहब के अनमोल विचार) भारत के ऐसे पहले वैज्ञानिक हैं, जो देश के राष्ट्रपति (11वें राष्ट्र पति के रूप में) के पद पर भी आसीन हुए। वे देश के ऐसे तीसरे राष्ट्र्पति (अन्य दो राष्ट्र पति हैं सर्वपल्लीन राधाकृष्णन और डॉ0 जा़किर हुसैन) भी हैं, जिन्हें राष्ट्रपति बनने से पूर्व देश के सर्वोच्च‍ सम्मा्न भारत रत्नसे सम्मा‍नित किया गया। इसके साथ ही साथ वे देश के इकलौते राष्ट्रपति हैं, जिन्होंने आजन्म अविवाहित रहकर देश सेवा का व्रत लिया है।

कलाम का जन्म:

अब्दुल कलाम का जन्म 15 अक्टूबर 1931 को तामिलनाडु के रामेश्वरम कस्बे के एक मध्‍यमवर्गीय परिवार में हुआ। उनके पिता जैनुल आब्दीन नाविक थे। वे पाँच वख्त के नमाजी थे और दूसरों की मदद के लिए सदैव तत्पर रहते थे। कलाम की माता का नाम आशियम्मा था। वे एक धर्मपरायण और दयालु महिला थीं। सात भाई-बहनों वाले पविवार में कलाम सबसे छोटे थे, इसलिए उन्हें अपने माता-पिता का विशेष दुलार मिला।

पाँच वर्ष की अवस्था में रामेश्वमरम के प्राथमिक स्कूल में कलाम की शिक्षा का प्रारम्भ हुआ। उनकी प्रतिभा को देखकर उनके शिक्षक बहुत प्रभावित हुए और उनपर विशेष स्नेह रखने लगे। एक बार बुखार आ जाने के कारण कलाम स्कूल नहीं जा सके। यह देखकर उनके शिक्षक मुत्थुश जी काफी चिंतित हो गये और वे स्कूल समाप्त होने के बाद उनके घर जा पहुँचे। उन्होंने कलाम के स्कूल न जाने का कारण पूछा और कहा कि यदि उन्हें किसी प्रकार की सहायता की आवश्यकता हो, तो वे नि:संकोच कह सकते हैं।

कलाम के बचपन के दिन: 

कलाम का बचपन बड़ा संघर्ष पूर्ण रहा। वे प्रतिदिन सुबह चार बजे उठ कर गणित का ट्यूशन पढ़ने जाया करते थे। वहाँ से 5 बजे लौटने के बाद वे अपने पिता के साथ नमाज पढ़ते, फिर घर से तीन किलोमीटर दूर स्थित धनुषकोड़ी रेलवे स्टेशन से अखबार लाते और पैदल घूम-घूम कर बेचते। 8 बजे तक वे अखबार बेच कर घर लौट आते। उसके बाद तैयार होकर वे स्कूल चले जाते। स्कूल से लौटने के बाद शाम को वे अखबार के पैसों की वसूली के लिए निकल जाते।

कलाम की लगन और मेहनत के कारण उनकी माँ खाने-पीने के मामले में उनका विशेष ध्यान रखती थीं। दक्षिण में चावल की पैदावार अधिक होने के कारण वहाँ रोटियाँ कम खाई जाती हैं। लेकिन इसके बावजूद कलाम को रोटियों से विशेष लगाव था। इसलिए उनकी माँ उन्हें प्रतिदिन खाने में दो रोटियाँ अवश्य दिया करती थीं। एक बार उनके घर में खाने में गिनी-चुनीं रोटियाँ ही थीं। यह देखकर माँ ने अपने हिस्से की रोटी कलाम को दे दी। उनके बड़े भाई ने कलाम को धीरे से यह बात बता दी। इससे कलाम अभिभूत हो उठे और दौड़ कर माँ से लिपट गये।

प्राइमरी स्कूल के बाद कलाम ने श्वार्ट्ज हाईस्कूल, रामनाथपुरम में प्रवेश लिया। वहाँ की शिक्षा पूरी करने के बाद उन्होंने 1950 में सेंट जोसेफ कॉलेज, त्रिची में प्रवेश लिया। वहाँ से उन्होंने भौतिकी और गणित विषयों के साथ बी.एस-सी. की डिग्री प्राप्त की। अपने अध्यापकों की सलाह पर उन्होंने स्नातकोत्तर शिक्षा के लिए मद्रास इंस्टीयट्यूट ऑफ टेक्ना्लॉजी (एम.आई.टी.), चेन्नई का रूख किया। वहाँ पर उन्होंने अपने सपनों को आकार देने के लिए एयरोनॉटिकल इंजीनियरिंग का चयन किया।

कलाम के जीवन का स्वर्णिम सफर:

कलाम की हार्दिक इच्छा थी कि वे वायु सेना में भर्ती हों तथा देश की सेवा करें। किन्तु इस इच्छा के पूरी न हो पाने पर उन्होंने बे-मन से रक्षा मंत्रालय के तकनीकी विकास एवं उत्पाद DTD & P (Air) का चुनाव किया। वहाँ पर उन्होंने 1958 में तकनीकी केन्द्र (सिविल विमानन) में वरिष्ठ वैज्ञानिक सहायक का कार्यभार संभाला। उन्होंने अपनी प्रतिभा के बल पर वहाँ पहले ही साल में एक पराध्वनिक लक्ष्यभेदी विमान की डिजाइन तैयार करके अपने स्वर्णिम सफर की शुरूआत की।

डॉ0 कलाम के जीवन में महत्वपूर्ण मोड़ तब आया, जब वे 1962 में ‘भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन‘ (Indian Space Research Organisation-ISRO) से जुड़े। यहाँ पर उन्होंने विभिन्न पदों पर कार्य किया। उन्होंने अपने निर्देशन में उन्न(त संयोजित पदार्थों का विकास आरम्भ किया। उन्होंने त्रिवेंद्रम में स्पेस साइंस एण्ड टेक्नो‍लॉजी सेंटर (एस.एस.टी.सी.) में ‘फाइबर रिइनफोर्स्ड प्लास्टिक’ डिवीजन (Fibre Reinforced Plastics -FRP) की स्थापना की। इसके साथ ही साथ उन्होंने यहाँ पर आम आदमी से लेकर सेना की जरूरतों को ध्यान में रखते हुए अनेक महत्वपूर्ण परियोजनाओं की शुरूआत की।

उन्हीं दिनों इसरो में स्वदेशी क्षमता विकसित करने के उद्देश्य‍ से ‘उपग्रह प्रक्षेपण यान कार्यक्रम’ (Satellite Launching Vehicle-3) की शुरूआत हुई। कलाम की योग्यताओं को दृष्टिगत रखते हुए उन्हें इस योजना का प्रोजेक्ट डायरेक्टर नियुक्त किया गया। इस योजना का मुख्य उद्देश्य था उपग्रहों को अंतरिक्ष में स्थायपित करने के लिए एक भरोसेमंद प्रणाली का विकास एवं संचालन। कलाम ने अपनी अद्भुत प्रतिभा के बल पर इस योजना को भलीभाँति अंजाम तक पहुँचाया तथा जुलाई 1980 में ‘रोहिणी’ उपग्रह को पृथ्वी की कक्षा के निकट स्थापित करके भारत को ‘अंतर्राष्ट्रीय अंतरिक्ष क्लब’ के सदस्य के रूप में स्थापित कर दिया।

डॉ0 कलाम ने भारत को रक्षा के क्षेत्र में आत्मनिर्भर बनाने के उद्देश्‍य से रक्षामंत्री के तत्कालीन वैज्ञानिक सलाहकार डॉ0 वी.एस. अरूणाचलम के मार्गदर्शन में ‘इंटीग्रेटेड गाइडेड मिसाइल डेवलपमेंट प्रोग्राम’ (Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme -IGMDP) की शुरूआत की। इस योजना के अंतर्गत त्रिशूल (नीची उड़ान भरने वाले हेलाकॉप्ट रों, विमानों तथा विमानभेदी मिसाइलों को निशाना बनाने में सक्षम), पृथ्वी (जमीन से जमीन पर मार करने वाली, 150 किमी0 तक अचूक निशाना लगाने वाली हल्कीं मिसाइल), आकाश (15 सेकंड में 25 किमी तक जमीन से हवा में मार करने वाली यह सुपरसोनिक मिसाइल एक साथ चार लक्ष्यों पर वार करने में सक्षम), नाग (हवा से जमीन पर अचूक मार करने वाली टैंक भेदी मिसाइल), अग्नि (बेहद उच्च तापमान पर भी ‘कूल’ रहने वाली 5000 किमी0 तक मार करने वाली मिसाइल) एवं ब्रह्मोस (रूस से साथ संयुक्त् रूप से विकसित मिसाइल, ध्व़नि से भी तेज चलने तथा धरती, आसमान और समुद्र में मार करने में सक्षम) मिसाइलें विकसित हुईं।

इन मिसाइलों के सफल प्रेक्षण ने भारत को उन देशों की कतार में ला खड़ा किया, जो उन्नत प्रौद्योगिकी व शस्त्र प्रणाली से सम्पन्न हैं। रक्षा क्षेत्र में विकास की यह गति इसी प्रकार बनी रहे, इसके लिए डॉ0 कलाम ने डिपार्टमेन्ट ऑफ डिफेंस रिसर्च एण्डर डेवलपमेन्टं ऑर्गेनाइजेशन अर्थात डी.आर.डी.ओ. (Defence Research and Development Organisation -DRDO) का विस्तार करते हुए आर.सी.आई. नामक एक उन्नत अनुसंधान केन्द्र की स्थापना भी की।

डॉ0 कलाम ने जुलाई 1992 से दिसम्बर 1999 तक रक्षा मंत्री के विज्ञान सलाहकार तथा डी.आर.डी.ओ. के सचिव के रूप में अपनी सेवाएँ प्रदान कीं। उन्होंने भारत को ‘सुपर पॉवर’ बनाने के लिए 11 मई और 13 मई 1998 को सफल परमाणु परीक्षण किया। इस प्रकार भारत ने परमाणु हथियार के निर्माण की दिशा में एक महत्वपूर्ण सफलता अर्जित की।

डॉ0 कलाम नवम्बर 1999 में भारत सरकार के प्रमुख वैज्ञानिक सलाहकार रहे। इस दौरान उन्हें कैबिनेट मंत्री का दर्जा प्रदान किया गया। उन्होंने भारत के विकास स्तर को विज्ञान के क्षेत्र में अत्याधुनिक करने के लिए एक विशिष्ट सोच प्रदान की तथा अनेक वैज्ञानिक प्रणालियों तथा रणनीतियों को कुशलतापूर्वक सम्पन्न कराने में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाई। नवम्बर 2001 में प्रमुख वैज्ञानिक सलाहकार का पद छोड़ने के बाद उन्होंने अन्ना विश्वविद्यालय में प्रोफेसर के रूप में अपनी सेवाएँ प्रदान कीं। उन्होंने अपनी सोच को अमल में लाने के लिए इस देश के बच्चों और युवाओं को जागरूक करने का बीड़ा लिया। इस हेतु उन्होंने निश्चय किया कि वे एक लाख विद्यार्थियों से मिलेंगे और उन्हें देश सेवा के लिए प्रेरित करने का कार्य करेंगे।

डॉ0 कलाम 25 जुलाई 2002 को भारत के ग्यारहवें राष्ट्रपति के रूप में निर्वाचित हुए। वे 25 जुलाई 2007 तक इस पद पर रहे। वह अपने देश भारत को एक विकसित एवं महाशक्तिशाली राष्ट्र के रूप में देखना चाहते हैं। उनके पास देश को इस स्थान तक ले जाने के लिए एक स्पष्ट और प्रभावी कार्य योजना है। उनकी पुस्तक इण्डिया 2020′ में उनका देश के विकास का समग्र दृष्टिकोण देखा जा सकता है। वे अपनी इस संकल्पना को उद्घाटित करते हुए कहते हैं कि इसके लिए भारत को कृषि एवं खाद्य प्रसंस्ककरण, ऊर्जा, शिक्षा व स्वास्‍थ्‍य, सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी, परमाणु, अंतरिक्ष और रक्षा प्रौद्योगिकी के विकास पर ध्यान देना होगा।

कलाम की पुस्‍तकें:

डॉ0 अब्दुल कलाम भारतीय इतिहास के ऐसे पुरूष हैं, जिनसे लाखों लोग प्रेरणा ग्रहण करते हैं। अरूण तिवारी लिखित उनकी जीवनी विंग्स ऑफ़ फायर(Wings of Fire) भारतीय युवाओं और बच्‍चों के बीच बेहद लोकप्रिय है। उनकी लिखी पुस्तकों में गाइडिंग सोल्स: डायलॉग्स ऑन द पर्पज ऑफ़ लाइफ(Guiding Souls Dialogues on the Purpose of life) एक गम्‍भीर कृति है, जिसके सह लेखक अरूण के. तिवारी हैं। इसमें उन्‍होंने अपने आत्मिक विचारों को प्रकट किया है।

इनके अतिरिक्त उनकी अन्य चर्चित पुस्तकें हैं- ‘इग्नाइटेड माइंडस: अनलीशिंग दा पॉवर विदीन इंडिया’ (Ignited Minds:Unleashing The Power Within India), ‘एनविजनिंग अन एमपावर्ड नेशन: टेक्नोलॉजी फॉर सोसायटल ट्रांसफारमेशन’ (Envisioning an Empowered Nation: Technology for Societal Transformation), डेवलपमेंट्स इन फ्ल्यूड मैकेनिक्सि एण्ड स्पेस टेक्नालॉजी (Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology), सह लेखक- आर. नरसिम्हा‍, ‘2020: ए विज़न फॉर दा न्यू मिलेनियम’ (2020- A Vision for the New Millennium) सह लेखक- वाई.एस. राजन, ‘इनविज़निंग ऐन इम्पॉएवर्ड नेशन: टेक्नोमलॅजी फॉर सोसाइटल ट्राँसफॉरमेशन’ (Envisioning an Empowered Nation: Technology for Societal Transformation) सह लेखक- ए. सिवाथनु पिल्ललई।

डॉ0 कलाम ने तमिल भाषा में कविताएँ भी लिखी हैं, जो अनेक पत्र-पत्रिकाओं में प्रकाशित हुई हैं। उनकी कविताओं का एक संग्रह ‘दा लाइफ ट्री’ (The Life Tree) के नाम से अंग्रेजी में भी प्रकाशित हुआ है।

कलाम को मिलने वाले पुरस्कार/सम्‍मान:

डॉ0 कलाम की विद्वता एवं योग्य ता को दृष्टिगत रखते हुए सम्मान स्वरूप उन्हें अन्ना यूनिवर्सिटी ऑफ टेक्नोलॉजी, कल्याणी विश्वविद्यालय, हैदराबाद विश्वविद्यालय, जादवपुर विश्‍वविद्यालय, बनारस हिन्दू विश्वविद्यालय, मैसूर विश्वविद्यालय, रूड़की विश्वविद्यालय, इलाहाबाद विश्वविद्यालय, दिल्ली विश्वविद्यालय, मद्रास विश्वविद्यालय, आंध्र विश्वविद्यालय, भारतीदासन छत्रपति शाहूजी महाराज विश्वविद्यालय, तेजपुर विश्वविद्यालय, कामराज मदुरै विश्वविद्यालय, राजीव गाँधी प्रौद्यौगिकी विश्वविद्यालय, आई.आई.टी. दिल्ली, आई.आई.टी; मुम्बई, आई.आई.टी. कानपुर, बिड़ला इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ टेक्नोलाजी, इंडियन स्कूल ऑफ साइंस, सयाजीराव यूनिवर्सिटी औफ बड़ौदा, मनीपाल एकेडमी ऑफ हॉयर एजुकेशन, विश्वेश्वरैया टेक्नोलॉजिकल यूनिवर्सिटी ने अलग-अलग ‘डॉक्टर ऑफ साइंस’ की मानद उपाधियाँ प्रदान की।

इसके अतिरिक्त् जवाहरलाल नेहरू टेक्नोलॉजी यूनिवर्सिटी, हैदराबाद ने उन्हें ‘पी-एच0डी0’ (डॉक्टर ऑफ फिलॉसफी) तथा विश्वभारती शान्ति निकेतन और डॉ0 बाबासाहब भीमराव अम्बेडकर यूनिवर्सिटी, औरंगाबाद ने उन्हें ‘डी0लिट0’ (डॉक्टर ऑफ लिटरेचर) की मानद उपाधियाँ प्रदान कीं।

इनके साथ ही साथ वे इण्डियन नेशनल एकेडमी ऑफ इंजीनियरिंग, इण्डियन एकेडमी ऑफ साइंसेज, बंगलुरू, नेशनल एकेडमी ऑफ मेडिकल साइंसेज, नई दिल्ली के सम्मानित सदस्य, एरोनॉटिकल सोसाइटी ऑफ इंडिया, इंस्टीट्यूशन ऑफ इलेक्ट्रानिक्स एण्ड् टेलीकम्‍यूनिकेशन इंजीनियर्स के मानद सदस्य, इजीनियरिंग स्टॉफ कॉलेज ऑफ इण्डिया के प्रोफेसर तथा इसरो के विशेष प्रोफेसर हैं।

डॉ0 कलाम की जीवन गाथा किसी रोचक उपन्यास के महानायक की तरह रही है। उनके द्वारा किये गये विज्ञान एवं प्रौद्योगिकी विकास के कारण उन्हें विभिन्न संस्थाओं ने अनेकानेक पुरस्कारों/ सम्मानों से नवाजा है। उनको मिले पुरस्कार/ सम्मान निम्नानुसार हैं:

नेशनल डिजाइन एवार्ड-1980 (इंस्टीटयूशन ऑफ इंजीनियर्स, भारत),

डॉ0 बिरेन रॉय स्पे्स अवार्ड-1986 (एरोनॉटिकल सोसाइटी ऑफ इण्डिया),

ओम प्रकाश भसीन पुरस्कायर,

राष्ट्रीय नेहरू पुरस्कार-1990 (मध्य‍ प्रदेश सरकार),

आर्यभट्ट पुरस्कार-1994 (एस्ट्रोपनॉमिकल सोसाइटी ऑफ इंडिया),

प्रो. वाई. नयूडम्मा (मेमोरियल गोल्ड मेडल-1996 (आंध्र प्रदेश एकेडमी ऑफ साइंसेज),

जी.एम. मोदी पुरस्काफर-1996,

एच.के. फिरोदिया पुरस्कार-1996, वीर सावरकर पुरस्कार-1998 आदि।

उन्हें राष्ट्रीय एकता के लिए इन्दिरा गाँधी पुरस्कार (1997) भी प्रदान किया गया। इसके अलावा भारत सरकार ने उन्हें क्रमश: पद्म भूषण (1981), पद्म विभूषण (1990) एवं भारत रत्नसम्मान (1997) से भी विभूषित किया गया।

सादा जीवन जीवन जीने वाले तथा उच्‍च विचार धारण करने वाले डॉ कलाम ने 27  जूलाइ को  अ आख़िरी  सांस  ली। वे अपनी उन्‍नत प्रतिभा के कारण सभी धर्म, जाति एवं सम्‍प्रदायों की नजर में महान आदर्श के रूप में स्‍वीकार्य रहे हैं। भारत की वर्तमान पी‍ढ़ी ही नहीं अपितु आने वाली अनेक नस्‍लें उनके महान व्‍यक्तित्‍व से प्रेरणा ग्रहण करती रहेंगी।

(भारत के महान वैज्ञानिक पुस्‍तक के अंश, अन्‍यत्र उपयोग हेतु लिखित अनुमति आवश्‍यक।)

Life History of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam usually known Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, was the 11th President of India, serving from 2002 to 2007, he is one of the few presidents who have touched the hearts thats why during his term as President, he was popularly known as the People’s President. In India he is highly respected as a scientist and as an engineer. He is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work on development of ballistic missile and space rocket technology.

Stories of extreme hardship, braving impossible odds and innumerable sacrifices, abound in the lives of nearly 90 percent of the students in the country. But among them, some perform exceptionally well. Their academic laurels are so brilliant, that at times their CV looks intimidating. And each one acknowledges that it’s the right education that made them what they are today.

In special session at the IIT Delhi campus, he shares his views on the topic “How India can innovate better?”, watch great Interacts with Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

Several months back, after finishing an interview with Dr APJ Kalam, and just before leaving his Rajaji Marg residence he made me repeat these three words in a schoolteacher’s tone: perseverance, hard work and patience.

This, he said, was alone the path to progress. Later, much later, I realised, that those were the very words he’s lived by all through his life. They are both philosophical and practical, quite like the world he grew up in as a boy in the island town of Rameswaran, in south India.

Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 to a Tamil Muslim family in Rameswaram in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. His father, a humble boat owner, Jainulabdeen, was a devout Muslim and a close friend of the Rameswaran temple priest. Kalam was brought up in a multi-religious, tolerant society; one with a progressive outlook. His father often quoted from the Quran to make the young Kalam see the world without fear. He had seven siblings, and a doting mother who, at times, made chappatis for Kalam, while the others were given rice as Kalam’s day would start at four in the morning and end at 11 pm.

His father wasn’t educated, but he wanted Kalam to study. Kalam would get up at 4 am, bathe, and then go for his mathematics class, which was taught by a teacher who took only five students in the whole session; and bathing before class was a condition he had laid to all his students. After his morning class, Kalam along with his cousin Samsuddin went around town distributing the newspaper. As the town had no electricity, kerosene lamps were lit at his home between 7 pm and 9 pm. But because Kalam studied until 11, his mother would save some for him for later use.

Being a bright student, Kalam always had the support of his schoolteachers. Schwarzt High School’s Iyadurai Solomon often told Kalam that if he truly, intensely desired something, he would get it. “This made me fearless,” said Dr Kalam. And outside school, Ahmed Jallaluddin, who later became his brother-in-law, and Samsuddin, encouraged Kalam to appreciate nature’s wonders. So at once, while growing up, he was exposed to a religious and a practical way of looking at the world.

The flight of birds had fascinated him since he was a boy, but it was years later he realised that he wanted to fly aircrafts. After finishing school, he took up Physics at St Joseph’s College, Trichi, but towards the end he was dissatisfied. When he discovered aeronautical engineering, he regretted having lost three precious years. But he was glad to have discovered Leo Tolstoy, Thomas Hardy and F Scott Fitzgerald and other English poets in his college years.

At Madras Institute of Technology (MIT), Chennai, where Kalam studied aeronautics, he learnt an important lesson: the value of time. He was leading a project on system design, when one day the principal walked into the class to see his work. He appeared dissatisfied and told Kalam that he wanted the project finished in the next two days; else his scholarship aid would be withdrawn. That unsettled Kalam; years of his father’s hardships would come to naught. Kalam worked without food and sleep. On the last day, his professor came to check on his progress. He was impressed and said: “I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline,” recounted Dr Kalam.

Although Kalam has led several projects in his professional life, he’s treated each like his last. Such was his passion. No wonder, he’s always led projects. His advisor, Major General R Swaminathan explained Kalam’s success as a leader. “He has this unique capability of being a boss as well as a worker. He can take on any role with ease.”

When Dr Kalam’s first major project SLV 3-failed the first time he was almost shattered. Also, around this time, Kalam’s childhood mentor, Jallaluddin, died. “A part of me too passed away…” said Dr Kalam. But he never thought of quitting after SLV-3. “I knew that for success, we have to work hard and persevere.” And so, SLV-3 was launched again, this time with success. He drew strength from philosophy, religion and literature to tide by his professional setbacks; also a life with few companions. In time, he also learnt to deal with professional jealousy and uncooperative team members.

Kalam played a pivotal organisational, technical and political role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. He is chancellor of Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (Thiruvanthapuram), a professor at Anna University (Chennai) and adjunct/visiting faculty at many other academic and research institutions across India.

Success followed Dr Kalam. Prithvi, Agni, Akash, Trishul and Nag missiles were huge successes. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan and Bharat Ratna, and then he became the President of India; one of the few presidents who have touched the hearts of so many poor children in the country. Because he also came from a poor background, he knew the power of education in changing one’s future.

On the evening of 27 July 2015, Kalam collapsed at around 6:30 p.m. while delivering a lecture on “The Livable Planet Earth” at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong. He was rushed to Bethania Hospital in a critical condition and was placed in the intensive care unit, but was confirmed dead of a massive cardiac arrest.

Here are some of Kalam’s inspirational sayings through which he will be remembered forever…

  1. “You have to dream before your dreams can come true.”
  2. “If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are three key societal members who can make a difference. They are the father, the mother and the teacher.”
  3. “My message, especially to young people is to have courage to think differently, courage to invent, to travel the unexplored path, courage to discover the impossible and to conquer the problems and succeed. These are great qualities that they must work towards. This is my message to the young people.”
  4. “To succeed in your mission, you must have single-minded devotion to your goal.”
  5. “Let me define a leader. He must have vision and passion and not be afraid of any problem. Instead, he should know how to defeat it. Most importantly, he must work with integrity.”
  6. “Great dreams of great dreamers are always transcended.”
  7. “Let us sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow.”
  8. “Man needs his difficulties because they are necessary to enjoy success.”
  9. “Look at the sky. We are not alone. The whole universe is friendly to us and conspires only to give the best to those who dream and work.”
  10. “You see, God helps only people who work hard. That principle is very clear.”

Does Humor Work Everywhere?

Does Humor Work Everywhere?

What happens when everyone seeks you for your unique talent of cracking jokes and have them rolling on the floor?

Feels good isn’t it? You are the first invitee in the guest-list they make for every party in town.

But what happens to your existence when your joke misses the target or an important discussion comes to the table? You drop off the radar. No one takes your opinion seriously. Have you ever felt the sting of being brushed off?

I remember my aunt’s favorite cousin was visiting our place during her summer break, she always claims to be the smartest of all. I challenged her… She said, “Huh! Bob I know the capitals of all the states,” I was amused and I asked her the capital of Montana and she tossed her hair in triumph and said, “that’s easy! It’s M!” Peals of laughter broke out filling my aunt with rage as I had unknowingly ridiculed her noteworthy guest.

Throw in humor in small measures appropriately to enjoy life and all its ironies, suggested my dad and uncle one evening when I was studying at the University.

My dad had a great sense of humor but he would always size up the audience and measure his responses. Consequentially, people would consider him wise and prudent.

I was popular as an extremely witty and jovial boy in my family but somehow I wasn’t trusted with responsibilities.

The person who’s always joking falls absurdly short of excellence while prudence is known for its gravity. Moderate behavior wins more respect.

I was mostly treated as a fibber. They generally downplayed my expressions. Although most of the times I would laugh it all away but sometimes I would get disappointed especially during family get-together time when honor would be at stake. I decided to get the monkey off my back and heeded to my parents’ suggestion earnestly.

I chose assertiveness and judgment. I pushed myself to adapt genuineness over agreeableness. My chortles and jokes became more appropriate and I turned down many invitations. I decided to drop the mask of an uncalled for comedian without giving up on my easy and cheerful side.

Psychologists say, if a person laughs too much, even at stupid things, he is lonely deep inside. Laughter is a cathartic mood lifter which binds people together. But it’s a concern when someone around you laughs out of proportion or acts like an uninvited jester, know that deep down he’s trying to fill his hurt and fears in the noisy guffaws.

I learned, the attitude we wear in life is important, human behavior is judgmental, every second we are internally gauging people and situations. The ones who joke about everything lose importance and the ones who are glum and sullen lose interest, those who are aware to wear the right attitude, win.

 

A famous writer was in his study room. He picked up his pen and started writing :

A famous writer was in his study room. He picked up his pen and started writing :

**Last year, I had a surgery and my gall bladder was removed. I had to stay stuck to the bed due to this surgery for a long time.

**The same year I reached the age of 60 years and had to give up my favourite job. I had spent 30 years of my life in this publishing company.

**The same year I experienced the sorrow of the death of my father.

**And in the same year my son failed in his medical exam because he had a car accident. He had to stay in bed at hospital with the cast on for several days. The destruction of car was another loss.

At the end he wrote: Alas! It was such bad year !!

When the writer’s wife entered the room, she found her husband looking sad lost in his thoughts. From behind his back she read what was written on the paper. She left the room silently and came back with another paper and placed it on side of her husband’s writing.

When the writer saw this paper, he found this name written on it with following lines :

**Last year I finally got rid of my gall bladder due to which I had spent years in pain….

**I turned 60 with sound health and got retired from my job. Now I can utilize my time to write something better with more focus and peace…..

**The same year my father, at the age of 95, without depending on anyone or without any critical condition met his Creator…..

**The same year, God blessed my son with a new life. My car was destroyed but my son stayed alive without getting any disability……

At the end she wrote:

This year was an immense blessing of God and it passed well !!!

The writer was indeed happy and amazed at such beautiful and encouraging interpretation of the happenings happened in his life in that year !!!

Moral : In daily lives we must see that its not happiness that makes us grateful but gratefulness that makes us happy.

To all my lovely friends and relatives.. Look up at me..Think positive…..Be happy…..Stay Blessed